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BACKGROUND The goal of intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) is to minimize neurologic injury during surgery, yet patients still emerge with postoperative deficits. Few studies focus on(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT False-positive loss of transcranial electrical motor evoked potentials (TCe-MEPs) limits the efficacy of motor tract monitoring during spine surgery. Although total intravenous(More)
INTRODUCTION Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) are routinely used during a variety of intracranial surgeries involving the posterior fossa and endovascular procedures including coiling of(More)
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