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BACKGROUND Clinical trials in heart failure have focused on the improvement in symptoms or decreases in the risk of death and other cardiovascular events. Little is known about the effect of drugs on the risk of clinical deterioration in surviving patients. METHODS AND RESULTS We compared the angiotensin-neprilysin inhibitor LCZ696 (400 mg daily) with the(More)
BACKGROUND The age at which heart failure develops varies widely between countries and drug tolerance and outcomes also vary by age. We have examined the efficacy and safety of LCZ696 according to age in the Prospective comparison of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global(More)
To evaluate the effect of acute vasodilator therapy, nitroprusside was administered at cardiac catheterization to five infants (ages 10 days to 6 months) with isolated ventricular septal defect and congestive heart failure. Intravenous nitroprusside was begun at a dose of 0.5 micrograms/kg/min and was increased by increments of 0.5 micrograms/kg.(More)
To assess left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in children with systemic hypertension, 11 patients with hypertension (mean blood pressure 99 mm Hg) and 7 normal patients (mean blood pressure 78 mm Hg) underwent M-mode echocardiography and pulsed Doppler examination of the LV inflow. From a digitized trace of the LV endocardium and a simultaneous(More)
Two hundred forty-five patients less than 15 days of age with transposition of the great arteries with or without a ventricular septal defect or pulmonary stenosis were entered into an ongoing 20 institution treatment study between January 1, 1985 and June 1, 1986. Complete follow-up is available on all patients. The ventricular septal defect narrowed in(More)
To determine whether altered vascular reactivity could contribute to hypertension after repair of coarctation, the change in forearm and calf vascular resistances to small intra-arterial infusions of norepinephrine were measured in six patients who had undergone surgical correction of coarctation of the aorta but still had upper extremity hypertension and(More)
To evaluate the effects of acute afterload reduction, hydralazine, 0.2 mg/kg, was administered at cardiac catheterization to seven infants who had a large ventricular septal defect (VSD). The infants were 2.5 - 11 months old (mean 5.1 months). Before and 5, 15, 25 and 35 minutes after hydralazine, aortic, pulmonary capillary wedge, pulmonary artery, right(More)
The course and prognosis of 16 infants and children with sick sinus syndrome associated with cardiac surgery is reviewed. The dysrhythmia was observed most ofter after extensive atrial reconstructive surgery in patients with transposition of the great arteries and with atrial septal defect. In 12 (75%) of the patients, sick sinus syndrome was detected in(More)
The Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, as originally described, includes palpitations, tachycardia, and an abnormal electrocardiogram (short PR interval and wide QRS complex). The clinical manifestations are dependent upon a reentrant tachycardia supported by an accessory connection bridging the atrioventricular junction and frequently appear during the first(More)
The acute hemodynamic effects of verapamil were evaluated in nine children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Verapamil, 0.1 mg/kg, was administered as an i.v. bolus over 2 minutes, followed by a 20-minute continuous infusion of 0.007 mg/kg/min. Hemodynamic measurements were obtained at rest in nine patients and at maximal supine bicycle exercise in seven(More)