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We have constructed NheI and XhoI optical maps of Escherichia coli O157:H7 solely from genomic DNA molecules to provide a uniquely valuable scaffold for contig closure and sequence validation. E. coli O157:H7 is a common pathogen found in contaminated food and water. Our approach obviated the need for the analysis of clones, PCR products, and(More)
Functioning proteins do not remain fixed in a unique structure, but instead they sample a range of conformations facilitated by motions within the protein. Even in the native state, a protein exists as a collection of interconverting conformations driven by thermodynamic fluctuations. Motions on the fast time scale allow a protein to sample conformations in(More)
BACKGROUND Internal motions enable proteins to explore a range of conformations, even in the vicinity of native state. The role of conformational fluctuations in the designated function of a protein is widely debated. Emerging evidence suggests that sub-groups within the range of conformations (or sub-states) contain properties that may be functionally(More)
In contrast to most other sensory modalities, the basic perceptual dimensions of olfaction remain unclear. Here, we use non-negative matrix factorization (NMF)--a dimensionality reduction technique--to uncover structure in a panel of odor profiles, with each odor defined as a point in multi-dimensional descriptor space. The properties of NMF are favorable(More)
Protein-protein interactions are governed by the change in free energy upon binding, ΔG = ΔH - TΔS. These interactions are often marginally stable, so one must examine the balance between the change in enthalpy, ΔH, and the change in entropy, ΔS, when investigating known complexes, characterizing the effects of mutations, or designing optimized variants. To(More)
Collective behavior involving distally separate regions in a protein is known to widely affect its function. In this article, we present an online approach to study and characterize collective behavior in proteins as molecular dynamics (MD) simulations progress. Our representation of MD simulations as a stream of continuously evolving data allows us to(More)
We recently introduced a new method for discovering, characterizing, and monitoring spatiotemporal patterns in the conformational fluctuations in molecular dynamics simulation data ( J. Comput. Biol. 2010 , 17 ( 3 ), 309 - 324 ). Significantly, our method, called Dynamic Tensor Analysis (DTA), can be performed as the simulation is progressing. It is(More)
Cellular senescence permanently arrests cell proliferation, often accompanied by a multi-faceted senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Loss of mitochondrial function can drive age-related declines in the function of many post-mitotic tissues, but little is known about how mitochondrial dysfunction affects mitotic tissues. We show here that(More)
Proteins are intrinsically flexible molecules. The role of internal motions in a protein's designated function is widely debated. The role of protein structure in enzyme catalysis is well established, and conservation of structural features provides vital clues to their role in function. Recently, it has been proposed that the protein function may involve(More)
Conformational flexibility of proteins has been linked to their designated functions. Slow conformational fluctuations occurring at the microsecond to millisecond time scale, in particular, have recently attracted considerable interest in connection to the mechanism of enzyme catalysis. Computational methods are providing valuable insights into the(More)