Arvind Kumar Baronia

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We present a method for identifying biomarkers in human lung injury. The method is based on high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy applied to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected from lungs of critically ill patients. This biological fluid can be obtained by bronchoscopic and non-bronchoscopic methods. The type of lung injury(More)
Aluminum phosphide (AlP) is a cheap, effective and commonly used pesticide. However, unfortunately, it is now one of the most common causes of poisoning among agricultural pesticides. It liberates lethal phosphine gas when it comes in contact either with atmospheric moisture or with hydrochloric acid in the stomach. The mechanism of toxicity includes(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) contributes substantially to mortality and morbidity in USA and worldwide. Due to limitations in early diagnostics of ARDS by classical methods, there has been need for discovery of novel methods and biomarkers for its characterization. We present here first high-resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)(More)
Erroneous positioning of central venous catheters in small tributaries of large central veins is a rare occurrence. We describe two such unusual incidents involving cannulation of the small tributaries of left brachiocephalic vein. Malposition was suspected when the central venous waveform could not be obtained despite all attempts. Unusual central venous(More)
Over past few years, treatment of invasive candidiasis (IC) has evolved from targeted therapy to prophylaxis, pre-emptive and empirical therapy. Numerous predisposing factors for IC have been grouped together in various combinations to design risk prediction models. These models in general have shown good negative predictive value, but poor positive(More)
Widespread emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens is a problem of global dimension. MDR infections are difficult to treat and frequently associated with high mortality. More than one antibiotic is commonly used to treat such infections, but scientific evidence does not favor use of combination therapy in most cases. However, there are(More)
This case series details our experience with seven patients with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza from an intensive care unit in India.All the patients had respiratory failure requiring ventilation except one;two patients developed pneumothorax. Of the seven patients, two died (28.5%) and five recovered. Four patients had co-morbid conditions and one was(More)
respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious lung injury and has low survival rates. More than 150,000 cases of ARDS are diagnosed every year in the US alone, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute database. 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been a well-established technique for the recognition of biomarkers in various body(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To evaluate the prognostic value of change (fall) in serum procalcitonin level (PCT) in critically ill adults with severe sepsis/septic shock. METHODS This was a prospective observational study in a general purpose Intensive Care Unit of a teaching Institute. PCT was measured at admission (D0) and after 72-96 h (D4) by(More)