Arvind Govind Valand

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Candida tropicalis has been identified as the most prevalent pathogenic yeast species of the Candida-non-albicans group. Historically, Candida albicans has been the major species responsible for causing candidiasis in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. However, infections (candidiasis) due to C. tropicalis have increased dramatically on a(More)
In essential hypertension, specific vasculopathies distinguish the kidney of nephrosclerosis. The severity of renovasculopathy can be measured histologically at autopsy. A previously determined equation uses the measurements to calculate mean blood pressure levels. That equation did not encompass elderly subjects with minimal vasculopathy, because they were(More)
Marjolin's ulcer is malignant change in a long-standing ulcer and or scar tissue. Commonly these lesions are treated as chronic ulcers and suspicion of malignancy should be raised with crusting, increase in pain or size of the ulcer and bleeding. We report a case of Marjolin's ulcer arising in a post-traumatic chronic ulcer of sole in a 60-year-old female.
Fetus in fetu is a rare disorder. Its embryopathogensis and differentiation from teratoma has not been well established. It is a parasitic twin of a diamniotic monozygotic twin. Here we report, two cases of fetus in fetu with review of literature. In case report 1, a 2-year-old boy was referred for asymptomatic lump in abdomen since birth. X-ray showed the(More)
A clinicopalhological study of 70 cases of pemphigus observed over a span of four and a half years from January 1992 to June 1996 at the Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals and Grant Medical College, Mumbai is reported. Pemphigus vulgaris constituted the single largest group of 43 cases, followed by pemphigus foliaceus (25 cases) and pemphigus vegetans (2 cases).(More)
Disseminated cryptococcosis and recurrent oral candidiasis was presented in a-heterosexual AIDS patient. Candida tropicalis (C.tropicalis) was isolated from the oral pseudomembranous plaques and Cryptococcus neoformans (C. neoformans) was isolated from maculopapular lesions on body parts (face, hands and chest) and body fluids (urine, expectorated sputum,(More)
Urinary bladder hemangiomas are rare, accounting for 0.6% of the urinary bladder tumors. Hemangioma is considered arising from embryonic stem cells of an angioblastic lineage. A 3-year old boy presented with hematuria. He had past operative history of excision of extensive lymphatic malformation involving retroperitoneum, pelvis and upper thigh. Computed(More)
INTRODUCTION Infectious Granulomatous Dermatoses (IGDS) have various aetiological factors with a considerable overlap in the histopathological and clinical features, thus posing a diagnostic dilemma for dermatologists and pathologists. AIM We aimed at determining the histopathological profile of IGDS correlating it with clinical features with an attempt(More)
Syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum is a rare form of adenocarcinoma of the skin. It is the malignant counterpart of syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP). It usually develops on the scalp in a long-standing lesion identified clinically as SCAP. Twelve cases of syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum have been reported in literature, with limited(More)