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BACKGROUND The risk of recurrent stroke is up to 10% in the week after a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke. Modelling studies suggest that urgent use of existing preventive treatments could reduce the risk by 80-90%, but in the absence of evidence many health-care systems make little provision. Our aim was to determine the effect of more(More)
The higher risk of early recurrent stroke after posterior circulation transient ischaemic attack or minor stroke versus after carotid territory events could be due to a greater prevalence of large artery stenosis, but there have been few imaging studies, and the prognostic significance of such stenoses is uncertain. Reliable data are necessary to determine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ABCD(2) score predicts the early risk of stroke after transient ischemic attack. The early risk of recurrence after minor stroke is as high but the only validated prognostic scores for use in minor stroke predict long-term risk of recurrence: the Essen Stroke Risk Score and the Stroke Prognosis Instrument II. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Most guidelines now recommend that patients with minor stroke or high-risk transient ischemic attack (TIA) are assessed within 24 hours of their event, but the feasibility of this depends on patients' behavior. We studied behavior immediately after TIA and minor stroke according to clinical characteristics, patients' perception of the(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent guidelines recommend assessment of patients with TIA within 24 hours, but it is uncertain how many recurrent strokes occur within 24 hours. It is also unclear whether the ABCD2 risk score reliably identifies recurrences in the first few hours. METHODS In a prospective, population-based incidence study of TIA and stroke with(More)
The effects of raised brain lactate levels on neuronal survival following hypoxia or ischemia is still a source of controversy among basic and clinical scientists. We have sought to address this controversy by studying the effects of glucose and lactate on neuronal survival in acute and cultured hippocampal slices. Following a 1-h hypoxic episode, neuronal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of general practice opening hours on healthcare seeking behaviour after transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke and feasibility of clinical assessment within 24 hours of symptom onset. DESIGN Population based prospective incidence study (Oxford vascular study). SETTING Nine general practices in Oxfordshire. (More)
OBJECTIVE The combination of aspirin and clopidogrel is indicated after acute coronary events and possibly for a short period after TIA or minor ischemic stroke. Early discontinuation of clopidogrel results in a transient rebound increase in risk of recurrence in acute coronary syndromes, but there are no published data on any similar rebound effect in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ABCD(2) score predicts the early risk of stroke after transient ischemic attack (TIA). However, data on the severity of recurrent events would also be useful. Do patients with high scores also have more severe early recurrent strokes, perhaps further justifying hospital admission? Do patients with low scores have a low early risk(More)
BACKGROUND Aspirin plus clopidogrel (A+C) may be more effective than aspirin only (AO) acutely after TIA and minor stroke, but the risk of bleeding in the acute phase is uncertain. We determined this risk, focusing particularly on aspirin-naïve patients. METHODS We studied consecutive referrals to the EXPRESS study clinic from 1/4/02 to 31/3/08. A 30- to(More)