Arvind B. Bambhroliya

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BACKGROUND In animal models, the spleen contracts after acute ischemic stroke, followed by release of inflammatory cells leading to secondary brain injury. AIMS We aim to characterize splenic responses in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS In this prospective observational study, we measured daily spleen sizes with abdominal ultrasound in 30(More)
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare and potentially fatal disease. Though approximately half of the patients recover, the clinical course is highly variable and some patients develop refractory heart failure and persistent left ventricular systolic dysfunction. It is diagnosed when women present with heart failure secondary to left ventricular systolic(More)
Hyponatremia in heart failure (HF) is an established predictor of adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF). However, there is a paucity of data in ambulatory patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We examined the prevalence, risk factors, and long-term outcomes of hyponatremia (serum sodium ≤135(More)
Evidence from randomized clinical trials supports the use of tamoxifen, raloxifene, exemestane, and anastrozole for the reduction of risk of invasive breast cancer, predominately estrogen receptor-positive tumors. Revised clinical guidelines now strongly recommend that physicians offer high-risk women medication for breast cancer risk reduction. Although(More)
We previously reported using statins was correlated with improved metastasis-free survival in aggressive breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of statins on metastatic colonization by triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. TNBC cell lines were treated with simvastatin and then studied for cell cycle progression and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of the study were to detect high-risk areas and to examine how racial and ethnic status affect the geographic distribution of female breast cancer mortality in Texas. Analyses were based on county-level data for the years from 2000 to 2008. MATERIALS AND METHODS Breast cancer mortality data were obtained from the Texas Cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of deterioration, fluctuation, and associated risk of poor outcome in patients with subcortical stroke (SCS). METHODS We conducted a prospective observational study, enrolling patients admitted with SCS based on their clinical examination and imaging studies. An NIH Stroke Scale evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastasis poses a major treatment challenge and remains an unmet clinical need. Finding novel therapies to prevent and treat brain metastases requires an understanding of the biology and molecular basis of the process, which currently is constrained by a dearth of experimental models and specific therapeutic targets. METHODS Green(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) offer the promise of augmenting poststroke recovery. There is mounting evidence of safety and efficacy of BMMNCs from preclinical studies of ischemic stroke; however, their pooled effects have not been described. METHODS Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and(More)
Animal models provide evidence of spleen mediated post-stroke activation of the peripheral immune system. Translation of these findings to stroke patients requires estimation of pre-stroke spleen volume along with quantification of its day-to-day variation. We enrolled a cohort of 158 healthy volunteers and measured their spleen volume over the course of(More)