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In this paper, we introduce a new method for image smoothing based on a fourth-order PDE model. The method is tested on a broad range of real medical magnetic resonance images, both in space and time, as well as on nonmedical synthesized test images. Our algorithm demonstrates good noise suppression without destruction of important anatomical or functional(More)
The effect of age was investigated in and compared across 16 automatically segmented brain measures: cortical gray matter, cerebral white matter, hippocampus, amygdala, thalamus, the accumbens area, caudate, putamen, pallidum, brainstem, cerebellar cortex, cerebellar white matter, the lateral ventricle, the inferior lateral ventricle, and the 3rd and 4th(More)
We compare three widely used brain volumetry methods available in the software packages FSL, SPM5, and FreeSurfer and evaluate their performance using simulated and real MR brain data sets. We analyze the accuracy of gray and white matter volume measurements and their robustness against changes of image quality using the BrainWeb MRI database. These images(More)
Resting state fMRI studies have found that cognitive decline in aging is associated with alterations in functional connectivity of distributed neural systems in the brain. While functional connections have been shown to rely on the underlying structural connectivity, direct structural connections have been studied in only a few distributed cortical systems(More)
BACKGROUND Brain imaging studies have revealed anatomical anomalies in the brains of individuals with Tourette syndrome (TS). Prefrontal regions have been found to be larger and the corpus callosum (CC) area smaller in children and young adults with TS compared with healthy control subjects, and these anatomical features have been understood to reflect(More)
BACKGROUND During the last years, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain has been introduced as a new tool to measure consciousness, both in a clinical setting and in a basic neurocognitive research. Moreover, advanced mathematical methods and theories have arrived the field of fMRI (e.g. computational neuroimaging), and functional and(More)
There is a lack of studies mapping electrophysiological event-related potentials (ERPs) to structural neuroanatomical characteristics. The aim of the present study was to integrate electrophysiological memory-related activity with cortical and hippocampal volume, as well as psychometric memory performance, in a life-span sample. More specifically, we wanted(More)
The adverse effects of cerebral angiography with metrizamide and meglumine metrizoate were compared in 20 patients for each contrast medium using a double blind technic. Deterioration of the EEG and bradycardial reactions were seen more often with meglumine metrizoate than with metrizamide and these differences were statistically significant. Metrizamide(More)
Tumour angiogenesis is a tightly regulated process involving cross-talk between tumour cells and the host tissue. The underlying mechanisms that regulate such interactions remain largely unknown. NG2 is a transmembrane proteoglycan whose presence on transformed cells has been demonstrated to increase proliferation in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo. To study(More)