Learn More
In this paper, we introduce a new method for image smoothing based on a fourth-order PDE model. The method is tested on a broad range of real medical magnetic resonance images, both in space and time, as well as on nonmedical synthesized test images. Our algorithm demonstrates good noise suppression without destruction of important anatomical or functional(More)
General intelligence is an important human quantitative trait that accounts for much of the variation in diverse cognitive abilities. Individual differences in intelligence are strongly associated with many important life outcomes, including educational and occupational attainments, income, health and lifespan. Data from twin and family studies are(More)
BACKGROUND The Attention Network Test (ANT) generates measures of different aspects of attention/executive function. In the present study we investigated whether adults with ADHD performed different from controls on measures of accuracy, variability and vigilance as well as the control network. Secondly, we studied subgroups of adults with ADHD, expecting(More)
The current study investigated if results on the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CCPT-II) could discriminate between children with ADHD (n = 59), ODD (n = 10), ADHD+ODD (n = 15), and normal controls (n =160), and how the results are associated with and explained by the intellectual function of the child. The sample was derived from the Bergen Child(More)
OBJECTIVE The Bergen Child Study is a longitudinal study of child mental health from the city of Bergen, Norway. We present methods and results from the first wave of the study, focusing on prevalence of disorders, associations with risk factors, and the use of services. METHOD The target population included all 9,430 children attending grades 2 to 4 in(More)
The main purpose of the present study was to: 1) to investigate differences between males and females in brain activation when performing a mental rotation task, 2) investigate hemisphere differences in brain activation during mental rotation. Brain activation was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Image acquisition was performed(More)
Resting state fMRI studies have found that cognitive decline in aging is associated with alterations in functional connectivity of distributed neural systems in the brain. While functional connections have been shown to rely on the underlying structural connectivity, direct structural connections have been studied in only a few distributed cortical systems(More)
BACKGROUND Dichotic listening (DL) to consonant-vowel syllables is frequently used in clinical and experimental studies of brain laterality. However, the paradigm of consonant-vowel syllables has not been thoroughly validated through a comparison with injections of amobarbital sodium (Amytal). OBJECTIVE To validate the DL test for hemisphere dominance(More)
Imaging research into age-related changes in episodic memory has mainly focused on changes in cortical areas in the medial temporal lobe and the hippocampus. However, several lines of evidence indicate that subcortical structures such as the basal ganglia and the thalamus are also involved in episodic memory function. Recent studies have revealed(More)
The apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 allele is a strong genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intrinsic fluctuations of brain activity measured by fMRI during rest may be sensitive to AD-related neuropathology. In particular, functional connectivity of the default-mode network (DMN) has gained recent attention as a possible biomarker of disease(More)