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Recent animal experiments suggest that dopamine plays a less crucial role than formerly supposed in the regulation of psychomotor functions. This is illustrated by the finding that even in the almost complete absence of brain dopamine, a pronounced behavioural activation is produced in mice following suppression of glutamatergic neurotransmission. This(More)
We report on the pharmacological effects of the 20 fold D3 vs. D2 dopamine receptor preferring compound U99194A. It is shown that U99194A increases rat locomotor activity at doses that do not increase release or utilisation of dopamine in the striatum or the nucleus accumbens significantly. The data do not support any direct agonist action of U99194A at(More)
The locomotor stimulation induced by the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 (dizocilpine) in mice was regarded as a model of at least some aspects of schizophrenia. The serotonin synthesis inhibitor dl-p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) was used to evaluate the involvement of endogenous serotonin in (a) the induction of MK-801-induced(More)
In spite of its proven heuristic value, the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is now yielding to a multifactorial view, in which the other monoamines as well as glutamate and GABA are included, with a focus on neurotransmitter interactions in complex neurocircuits. The primary lesion(s) in schizophrenia does not necessarily involve any of these(More)
The search for new and improved antipsychotic agents has escalated during the past five years. The era of searching for non-toxic copies of clozapine has been followed by several different lines of research, some of which pursue the traditional dopamine track, although at a higher level of sophistication, whereas others focus on other neurotransmitters,(More)
As late as the 1950s, it was assumed that communication between nerve cells in the brain occurred predominantly, if not entirely, by electrical impulses. A decade later, the theory of chemical transmission, which until then had been thought to occur only in the peripheral nervous system, had gained strong entrance for the central nervous system. This(More)
Dopaminergic agonists and NMDA-receptor antagonists form the basis for the dopamine and glutamate models of schizophrenia, respectively. In human subjects dopaminergic agonists evoke a psychosis resembling positive symptoms of schizophrenia, while NMDA-receptor antagonists produce both positive and negative symptoms. Consequently, the glutamate model may be(More)
1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) studies exploring brain metabolites, especially glutamine + glutamate (Glx), in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are of vital interest for trying to understand more about the pathophysiology of OCD. Therefore, we conducted the present 1H MRS study with the aims of (1) comparing MRS metabolites in a group of(More)