Arup Ratan Chakraborty

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The activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been linked with the proliferation of a variety of human cancer cells, including multiple myeloma. Agents that can suppress STAT3 activation have potential for prevention and treatment of cancer. In the present report, we tested an agent, ursolic acid, found in basil, apples,(More)
The mammalian counterpart of the fish calcium-regulating hormone stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) inhibits monocyte chemotactic protein-1- and stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha)-mediated chemotaxis and diminishes chemokinesis in macrophage-like RAW264.7 and U937 cells in a manner that may involve attenuation of the intracellular calcium signal. STC1 is(More)
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a 25-kDa secreted acute phase protein, which is also up-regulated in multiple cancers, including breast, lung, and pancreas. Recently, NGAL has been proposed as an early biomarker in pancreatic cancer (PaCa). However, its biological role in PaCa is unknown. In this study, we examined in vitro and in vivo(More)
The histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have shown promise in the treatment of a number of hematologic malignancies, leading to the approval of vorinostat and romidepsin for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and romidepsin for the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Despite these promising results,(More)
PURPOSE Activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been identified as a central mediator of melanoma growth and metastasis. We hypothesized that WP1066, a novel STAT3 blockade agent, has marked antitumor activity, even against the melanoma metastasis to brain, a site typically refractory to therapies. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Burkitt lymphoma is characterized by deregulation of c-myc, and therapies targeting c-myc are under investigation as treatments. Histone deacetylase inhibitors are known to abrogate c-myc expression, leading us to examine their effect in a series of Burkitt lymphoma cell lines. While treatment with romidepsin, panobinostat, vorinostat, or belinostat for 48(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and G-CSF receptor (G-CSFR) expression with increased beta1-integrin expression and determine the ability of autocrine G-CSFR signaling to promote bladder cancer cell adhesion by way of beta1-integrin. beta1-integrin is expressed at higher levels in more invasive bladder(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a critical obligate role in presenting antigens to T cells for activation. In the process, upon antigen capture, DCs undergo maturation and become more stimulatory. Human myeloid DCs can be generated from various sources, including blood, bone marrow, and CD34(+) stem cells. As such, plastic-adherent monocytes from circulation(More)
Circulating human macrophages are often used to generate dendritic cells (DCs) by culturing them in granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). As DCs are superb antigen-presenting cells, these types of myeloid DCs are now used in many DC-based vaccination protocols, especially in cancer, with the belief that they are(More)
To identify molecular determinants of histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDI) resistance, we selected HuT78 cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cells with romidepsin in the presence of P-glycoprotein inhibitors to prevent transporter upregulation. Resistant sublines were 250- to 385-fold resistant to romidepsin and were resistant to apoptosis induced by apicidin,(More)