Arup Kumar Raychaudhuri

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We find that the 'jump-into-contact' of the cantilever in the atomic force microscope (AFM) is caused by an inherent instability in the motion of the AFM cantilever. The analysis is based on a simple model of the cantilever moving in a nonlinear force field. We show that the 'jump-into-contact' distance can be used to find the interaction of the cantilever(More)
We describe a set up for measurements of low frequency (1 mHz < ∼ f < ∼ 20 Hz) conductance fluctuations in a solid conductor. The setup uses a five probe a.c. measurement technique and extensive digital signal processing to reach a noise floor down to S v (f) ≤ 10 −20 V 2 Hz −1. The set up also allows measurement of noise using an a.c. in presence of a(More)
We investigate the influence of gold nanoparticle addition on the stability, dewetting, and pattern formation in ultrathin polymer-nanoparticle (NP) composite films by examining the length and time scales of instability, morphology, and dynamics of dewetting. For these 10-50 nm thick (h) polystyrene (PS) thin films containing uncapped gold nanoparticles(More)
In this paper, we investigate the effect of adding a stabilizer on the dynamic thermal properties of ZnO nanofluid (containing 5 to 10 nm diameter of ZnO nanocrystals) measured using a 3ω method. Addition of the stabilizer leads to the stabilization of the nanofluid and also substantial reduction of the enhancement of thermal transport compared to that seen(More)
The formation of circularly ordered Ge-islands on Si(001) has been achieved because of nonuniform strain field around the periphery of the holes patterned by focused ion beam in combination with a self-assembled growth using molecular beam epitaxy. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra obtained from patterned areas (i.e., ordered islands) show a significant(More)
We report investigations of conductance fluctuations (with 1/f(alpha) power spectra) in doped silicon at low temperatures (T<20 K) as it is tuned through the metal-insulator transition (MIT) by changing the carrier concentration n. The scaled magnitude of noise, gamma(H), increases with decreasing T following an approximate power law gamma(H) approximately(More)
In this paper we report the results of electrical resistivity (1.5≤ T ≤ 300K) and point contact spectroscopy (PCS) measurements on single crystals of metallic sodium tungsten bronze with varying sodium content. We have shown that the electron-phonon coupling function as measured through PCS can explain quantitatively the large temperature dependence of(More)
In this Letter, we report direct measurement of large low frequency temperature fluctuations in double stranded DNA when it undergoes a denaturation transition. The fluctuation, which occurs only in the temperature range where the denaturation occurs, is several orders more than the expected equilibrium fluctuation. It is absent in single stranded DNA of(More)
Beginning with a brief sketch of the derivation of Hawking's theorem of horizon area increase, based on the Raychaudhuri equation, we go on to discuss the issue as to whether generic black holes, undergoing Hawking radiation, can ever remain in stable thermal equilibrium with that radiation. We derive a universal criterion for such a stability, which(More)
We report molecular functionalization of the promising manganite nanoparticles La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) for their solubilization in aqueous environments. The functionalization of individual NPs with the biocompatible citrate ligand, as confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, reveals that citrates are covalently attached to the surface of(More)