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We recently identified genes encoding tumor endothelial markers (TEMs) that displayed elevated expression during tumor angiogenesis. From both biological and clinical points of view, TEMs associated with the cell surface membrane are of particular interest. Accordingly, we have further characterized four such genes, TEM1, TEM5, TEM7, and TEM8, all of which(More)
The effects of a new epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, tyrphostin AG 1478, were tested on three related human glioma cell lines: U87MG, which expressed endogenous wild-type (wt) EGFR, and two retrovirally infected U87MG cell populations which over-expressed either wt (U87MG.wtEGFR) or truncated EGFR (U87MG. delta EGFR).(More)
Proton pump activity is not measurable in the plasma membrane of unstimulated neutrophils but becomes readily detectable upon activation by soluble agonists. The mechanism of pump activation was investigated in this report. V-type H+ pump activity, estimated as a bafilomycin A1-sensitive elevation of the cytosolic pH, was stimulated in suspended neutrophils(More)
H+ conductive pathways have been detected in the plasma membranes of a variety of cell types. The large exquisitely H(+)-selective permeability of the conductive pathway can support sizable net H+ fluxes. Although subtle differences exist among tissues and species, certain common features suggest that related transport systems are involved in all cases. The(More)
The rate of metabolic acid generation by neutrophils increases greatly when they are activated. Intracellular acidification is prevented in part by Na+/H+ exchange, but a sizable component of H+ extrusion persists in the nominal absence of Na+ and HCO3-. In this report we determined the contribution to H+ extrusion of a putative H+ conductive pathway and(More)
V-ATPases in phagocytic cells are known to mediate the acidification of most intracellular organelles. Proton-pump-mediated acidification of these organellar compartments is vital to numerous cell processes, including receptor recycling, protein processing and sorting and microbial degradation. Recent studies have suggested a role for V-ATPases in(More)
We present evidence that the potent chloride channel blocker NPPB has protonophoric activity in the mitochondria and across the plasma membrane of phagocytic cells. The resting O2 consumption of murine peritoneal macrophages was stimulated up to 2.5-fold in the presence of NPPB, with a K0.5 of 15 microM. The stimulatory effect of NPPB on O2 consumption,(More)
In phagocytes, superoxide generation by the NADPH oxidase is accompanied by metabolic acid production. Cytoplasmic acidification during this metabolic burst is prevented by a combination of H+ extrusion mechanisms, including a unique H+ conductance. NADPH oxidase is deficient in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. The burst of acid production is(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene overexpression and mutations play an important role in the pathogenesis of a variety of malignant human cancers. In this study, we tested the effects of a novel EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, ethyl-2,5-dihydroxycinnamate (EtDHC), against related human glioblastoma cell lines expressing specific forms of EGFR(More)
Activated neutrophils undergo a large burst of metabolic acid generation, yet maintain their cytosolic pH (pHi) within physiological limits. To analyze the underlying regulatory mechanisms, pHi was measured fluorimetrically in suspensions of human neutrophils. In acid loaded but otherwise unstimulated cells, pHi recovered rapidly via Na+/H+ exchange. Upon(More)