Arun Zachariah Thomas

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OBJECTIVE To review recently published data on emphysematous cystitis (EC), a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by air within the bladder wall, and that most typically affects middle-aged diabetic women. METHODS All articles published in English between 1956 and 2006 were identified using a Medline search for keywords "emphysematous(More)
We investigated the role of the C1772T polymorphisms in exon 12 of the Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) gene C1772T genotype in prostate cancer (PCa) and amplification of the hypoxic response. We identified the heterozygous germline CT genotype as an increased risk factor for clinically localised prostate cancer (Odds ratio = 6.2; p < 0.0001).(More)
The management of urological emergencies during pregnancy presents unique clinical challenges for the treating physician. Clinical signs and symptoms are often subtle while diagnostic and therapeutic options are limited in treating patients to avoid fetal morbidity. A high index of suspicion with early diagnosis and treatment are essential for the(More)
PURPOSE Isolated local retroperitoneal recurrence after radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma poses a therapeutic challenge. We investigated outcomes in patients with localized retroperitoneal recurrence treated with surgical resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a retrospective, single institutional study of 102 patients with retroperitoneal(More)
PURPOSE Management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid dedifferentiation remains a therapeutic challenge with no standard treatment strategies. We evaluated whether metastasectomy has any survival benefit in patients with metastatic sarcomatoid dedifferentiation treated with radical nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS From an institutional(More)
Vesicocutaneous fistulas (VCF) are a rare complication of radical radiotherapy to the pelvis. Timely diagnosis and management are often difficult and complex. We report the unusual case of a 64-year-old gentleman who presented to the emergency department with worsening sepsis and profuse discharge from a cutaneous opening in the left groin. This(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the magnitude of potentially avoidable iatrogenic complications of male urethral catheterization (UC) within a tertiary-care supra-regional teaching hospital, and to evaluate risk factors and subjective feeling of interns in our institution on the adequacy of training on UC. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Male UC-related morbidities were(More)
Among patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), 25-30% present with metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis. Despite the ever-increasing array of treatment options available for these patients, surgery remains one of the cornerstones of therapy. Proper patient selection for cytoreductive surgery is paramount to its effective use in the(More)
In the past decade, the armamentarium of targeted therapy agents for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has significantly increased. Improvements in response rates and survival, with more manageable side effects compared with interleukin 2/interferon immunotherapy, have been reported with the use of targeted therapy agents, including(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Laser technology presents a promising alternative to achieve tumor excision and renal hemostasis with or without hilar occlusion, yet its use in partial nephrectomy has not been significantly evaluated. We prospectively evaluated the thulium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in our institution(More)