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Investigating the mechanisms underlying the genesis and conduction of electrical excitation in the atria at physiological and pathological states is of great importance. To provide knowledge concerning the mechanisms of excitation, we constructed a biophysical detailed and anatomically accurate computer model of human atria that incorporates both structural(More)
Cardiac and uterine muscle cells and tissue can be either autorhythmic or excitable. These behaviours exchange stability at bifurcations produced by changes in parameters, which if spatially localized can produce an ectopic pacemaking focus. The effects of these parameters on cell dynamics have been identified and quantified using continuation algorithms(More)
INTRODUCTION The ionic basis underlying the negative chronotropic effect of acetylcholine (ACh) on sinoatrial (SA) node cells is unresolved and controversial. In the present study, mathematical modeling was used to address this issue. METHODS AND RESULTS The known concentration-dependent effects of ACh on iK,ACh, iCa,L, and i(f) were introduced into(More)
Two neuronal models are analyzed in which subthreshold inputs are integrated either without loss (perfect integrator) or with a decay which follows an exponential time course (leaky integrator). Linear frequency response functions for these models are compared using sinusoids, Poisson-distributed impulses, or gaussian white noise as inputs. The responses of(More)
Ventricular arrhythmias remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Although the underlying mechanisms of these arrhythmias can be studied experimentally, these investigations are in general limited to mapping electrical activity on the heart surface. Computational models of action potential propagation offer a potentially(More)
There is substantial experimental evidence from studies using both intact tissue and isolated single cells to support the existence of different cell types within the ventricular wall of the heart, each possessing different electrical properties. However other studies have failed to find these differences, and instead support the idea that electrical(More)
The aim of this paper was to quantify the behavior of filaments in a computational model of re-entrant ventricular fibrillation. We simulated cardiac activation in an anisotropic monodomain with excitation described by the Fenton-Karma model with Beeler-Reuter restitution, and geometry by the Auckland canine ventricle. We initiated re-entry in the left and(More)
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a lethal cardiac arrhythmia. Re-entry, in which action potential wavefronts rotate around filaments, is believed to sustain VF. In this study we used a computational model of multiple wavelet fibrillation in the thin-walled right ventricle (10 mm thick) and the thicker walled left ventricle (16 mm thick) to investigate the(More)
Despite a vast amount of experimental and clinical data on the underlying ionic, cellular and tissue substrates, the mechanisms of common atrial arrhythmias (such as atrial fibrillation, AF) arising from the functional interactions at the whole atria level remain unclear. Computational modelling provides a quantitative framework for integrating such(More)