Arun R. Wakade

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Our studies using atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveal a new group of plasma membrane structures involved in exocytosis in live pancreatic acinar cells. These studies demonstrate that "pits" and "depressions" are sites at the apical plasma membrane in live cells, where membrane-bound secretory vesicles dock and transiently fuse to release vesicular contents.
The novel chromogranin A fragment catestatin (bovine chromogranin A(344-364); RSMRLSFRARGYGFRGPGLQL) is a potent inhibitor of catecholamine release (IC50, approximately 0.2-0.3 microM) by acting as a nicotinic cholinergic antagonist. To define the minimal active region within catestatin, we tested the potencies of synthetic serial three-residue deletion(More)
Tryptic digestion of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) isolated from rat adrenal glands labeled with 32Pi produced five phosphopeptides. Based on the correspondence of these phosphopeptides with those identified in TH from rat pheochromocytoma cells, four phosphorylation sites (Ser8, Ser19, Ser31, and Ser40) were inferred. Field stimulation of the splanchnic nerves(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is the most potent non-cholinergic neurotransmitter to stimulate catecholamine secretion from rat chromaffin cells; however, the mechanism of action is not clear. We used amperometric detection of exocytosis and indo-1 monitoring of [Ca2+]i to identify PACAP actions in cultured chromaffin cells.(More)
1. The perfused adrenal gland of the rat was used to establish the identity of a non-cholinergic substance involved in splanchnic nerve-mediated secretion of catecholamines. 2. The perfused adrenal medulla was rich in vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) content (28 pmol g-1 of wet tissue). VIP-immunoreactive nerve fibres were present in the adrenal(More)
1. Rat adrenal medulla is stimulated by cholinergic and peptidergic transmitters released from splanchnic nerves. The peptidergic transmitter has been identified as vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and its contribution in comparison to that of acetylcholine (ACh) is more prominent at low neuronal activity. The purpose of this study is to determine if(More)
Several investigators have shown that tumour promoter phorbol esters mimic the effects of endogenous diacylglycerol to activate a second messenger, protein kinase C. These phorbol esters have proved to be valuable tools for exploring the role of protein kinase C in many cellular functions. We demonstrate here that secretion of catecholamines evoked from the(More)
1. A newly found action of adenosine in neurons, which may have an important physiological function in the growth and development of the sympathetic nervous system, is described. Adenosine (1-100 microM) inhibited neurite outgrowth within the first 24 h and killed about 80% of sympathetic neurons supported by nerve growth factor over the next 2 days in(More)
We studied the effects of lanthanum (La3+) on the release of 3H-norepinephrine(3H-NE), intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and voltage clamped Ca2+ and K+ currents in cultured sympathetic neurons. La3+ (0.1 to 10 μm) produced concentration-dependent inhibition of depolarization induced Ca2+ influx and 3H-NE release. La3+ was more potent and more efficacious(More)
The functional integrity of adrenal chromaffin storage vesicles was studied in the perfused rat adrenal gland subjected to intense exocytosis. Continuous perfusion with 55 mM K+-Krebs solution produced a large and uninterrupted secretion of catecholamines. Total amounts secreted within 45 min were 4.66 micrograms and represented almost 30% of the total(More)