Arun Kumar Adhikary

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Human adenovirus type 8 (HAdV-8) is a common agent of severe epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). Twenty-six strains were isolated from sporadic cases of EKC in the southern part of Japan between 1998 and 1999 and were identified as HAdV-8 by the neutralization method using type-specific antiserum against HAdV-8. A comparative analysis of different(More)
AIMS To investigate the genetic differences among the strains of adenovirus type 8 (Ad8) circulating in Hiroshima city, Japan, and to study their circulation pattern. METHODS One hundred and twenty nine strains of adenovirus type 8 (Ad8) were isolated in Hiroshima City over a 15 year period (1983-97) from patients with keratoconjunctivitis, and analysed(More)
Human adenoviruses species D (HAdV-D) are known to cause severe epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. However, the isolation rate of HAdV-D is not high, because HAdV-D is usually slow to propagate. Although new types of HAdV-D have been reported, accurate surveillance has not been performed because of difficulties in culturing the viruses and lack of a practical(More)
Human adenovirus type 8 (HAdV-8) is the most common causative agent of a highly contagious eye disease known as epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). HAdV-8 strains have been classified into genome types HAdV-8A to 8K and HAdV/D1 to D12 according to restriction endonuclease analysis. This review focuses on the significance of HAdV-8 as an agent of EKC.(More)
AIMS To determine the nucleotide sequences of adenovirus (Ad) types 1 and 6 fibre genes; to clarify the molecular basis of the distinct haemagglutination properties of subgenus C Ads and their phylogenetic relations. METHODS Human Ad1 and Ad6 fibre genes were sequenced from genomic DNA by direct sequencing. Primer selection was based on alignment of the(More)
Subgenus C human adenoviruses, which include serotypes 1, 2, 5, and 6, are often associated with respiratory illness, ocular infections, gastroenteritis, and systemic infection among immunocompromised patients. To address the problems associated with the conventional typing methods, we developed a fiber-based multiplex PCR assay for simple and specific(More)
AIMS To characterise a novel strain of adenovirus (Ad) type Ad8 (genome type Ad8I) involved in an epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) outbreak in Hiroshima city using serological testing and sequence analysis of the fibre and hexon gene. METHODS A neutralisation test (NT) was performed in microtitre plates containing a confluent monolayer of A549 cells(More)
PURPOSE To develop a new detection and typing method of oculopathogenic strains of subgenus D adenoviruses directly from conjunctival scrapings by a combination of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction enzyme analysis (REA). METHODS A new PCR method using primer pairs of AF2/AR2, which are specific for the fiber genes, were developed to amplify(More)
AIMS To characterise a novel strain (M86) of adenovirus (Ad) involved in epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). METHODS/RESULTS The virus strain was neutralised by antisera to both Ad35 and Ad11. Restriction endonuclease analysis of genomic DNA showed 98% and 88% homology with Ad11 and Ad35, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequence of the hypervariable(More)