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In an effort to make processors more power efficient scratch pad memory (SPM) have been proposed instead of caches, which can consume majority of processor power. However, application mapping on SPMs remain a challenge. We propose a dynamic SPM management scheme for program stack data for processor power reduction. As opposed to previous efforts, our(More)
Cryptosporidium spp., a common cause of diarrhea in children, were investigated in the first multisite study in India. Diarrheal stools from hospitalized children aged <5 years from Delhi, Trichy, and Vellore were analyzed by microscopy, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), and/or sequencing at the small-subunit (SSU) rRNA and Cpgp40/15 loci(More)
Attainment of a neutral mechanical axis is one of the primary goals in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The accuracy of the procedure is evaluated by measuring the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKAA) on long leg radiographs. Rotation of the lower limb and knee flexion could possibly affect the HKAA measured on plain radiographs. In this study, a TKA was performed on(More)
Giardial diarrhea in a birth cohort of 452 children in an urban slum in South India was characterized. Of the 155 episodes that occurred in 99 children, 73% were acute diarrhea. Children with better educated mothers and a toilet at home had lower odds of acquiring giardial diarrhea, whereas low socioeconomic status and drinking municipal water were(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the most common form of diabetes in children in Western countries. There have been no large studies of childhood diabetes from India. We undertook the MEDI study (Multicenter Survey of Early Onset Diabetes in India) to assess the proportion of various subtypes of diabetes among the young subjects presenting to the endocrinology(More)
BACKGROUND Femoroacetabular impingement has been postulated as the important cause of primary osteoarthritis in non dysplastic hips. We postulated that the rarity of primary osteoarthritis of hip in Indian population could be attributable to morphological differences, specifically to a lower prevalence of abnormal head-neck morphology. We conducted an(More)
Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of childhood diarrhea in developing countries. We investigated symptomatic and asymptomatic cryptosporidiosis in 20 children less than two years of age in a semi-urban slum in southern India. All surveillance (conducted every two weeks) and diarrheal samples from 20 children (n = 1,036) with cryptosporidial diarrhea(More)
The success of hip resurfacing in younger patients with primary osteoarthritis has paved the way for the trial of the procedure in patients with secondary osteoarthritis of the hip. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiologic results in a cohort of 23 patients (32 hips) with inflammatory arthritis who were chosen for hip resurfacing after(More)
Many programmable embedded systems feature low power processorscoupled with fast compiler controlled on-chip scratchpad memories (SPMs) toreduce their energy consumption. SPMs are more efficient than caches in termsof energy consumption, performance, area and timing predictability. However,unlike caches SPMs need explicit management by software, the quality(More)
PURPOSE Femoral-neck fracture in the elderly population is a problem that demands the attention of the orthopaedic community as life expectancy continues to increase. There are several different treatment options in use, and this variety in and of itself indicates the absence of an ideal single treatment option. Recent debate has focussed on the probable(More)