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Cryptosporidium spp., a common cause of diarrhea in children, were investigated in the first multisite study in India. Diarrheal stools from hospitalized children aged <5 years from Delhi, Trichy, and Vellore were analyzed by microscopy, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), and/or sequencing at the small-subunit (SSU) rRNA and Cpgp40/15 loci(More)
Many programmable embedded systems feature low power processorscoupled with fast compiler controlled on-chip scratchpad memories (SPMs) toreduce their energy consumption. SPMs are more efficient than caches in termsof energy consumption, performance, area and timing predictability. However,unlike caches SPMs need explicit management by software, the quality(More)
In an effort to make processors more power efficient scratch pad memory (SPM) have been proposed instead of caches, which can consume majority of processor power. However, application mapping on SPMs remain a challenge. We propose a dynamic SPM management scheme for program stack data for processor power reduction. As opposed to previous efforts, our(More)
Giardial diarrhea in a birth cohort of 452 children in an urban slum in South India was characterized. Of the 155 episodes that occurred in 99 children, 73% were acute diarrhea. Children with better educated mothers and a toilet at home had lower odds of acquiring giardial diarrhea, whereas low socioeconomic status and drinking municipal water were(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have suggested that initial micromotion of cementless components may lead to failure of osteointegration. Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analyses have shown durable implant fixation can be achieved long-term even when initial instability exists, as evidenced by subsidence. However improved implant stability as a result of(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the most common form of diabetes in children in Western countries. There have been no large studies of childhood diabetes from India. We undertook the MEDI study (Multicenter Survey of Early Onset Diabetes in India) to assess the proportion of various subtypes of diabetes among the young subjects presenting to the endocrinology(More)
The current literature on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is focused on acetabular orientation and femoral head asphericity, with little emphasis on the effect of version of the femoral neck. A biomechanical model was developed to determine the causative effect, if any, of femoral retroversion on hip contact stress and, if present, delineate the type of(More)
Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of childhood diarrhea in developing countries. We investigated symptomatic and asymptomatic cryptosporidiosis in 20 children less than two years of age in a semi-urban slum in southern India. All surveillance (conducted every two weeks) and diarrheal samples from 20 children (n = 1,036) with cryptosporidial diarrhea(More)
UNLABELLED Instability is a major cause of early revision of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), of which flexion instability is a major subset. We analyzed radiologically evident corrections, patient reported outcome and complications associated with revision TKA for flexion instability in a retrospective cohort of 37 patients with minimum one year follow up.(More)
A dynamic scratch pad memory (SPM) management scheme for program stack data with the objective of processor power reduction is presented. Basic technique does not need the SPM size at compile time, does not mandate any hardware changes, does not need profile information, and seamlessly integrates support for recursive functions. Stack frames are managed(More)