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BACKGROUND Cognitive abilities, such as working memory, differ among people; however, individuals also vary in their own day-to-day cognitive performance. One potential source of cognitive variability may be fluctuations in the functional organization of neural systems. The degree to which the organization of these functional networks is optimized may(More)
By analysing sections of distal femurs in the computer, and by making direct measurements, the posterior femoral condyles were shown to closely fit spherical surfaces. The center of the spheres were then used as reference points and used to define reference axes in a motion study. In flexing from 0 to 120 degrees the medial femoral condyle moved little, the(More)
An epidemiological study was performed to evaluate the relation between low-back discomfort ratings and use of the revised NIOSH lifting guide to assess the risk of manual material handling (MMH) tasks. We surveyed 97 MMH workers on site in 15 factories and designed a questionnaire to systematically collect job-related information. Approximately 90% of the(More)
What happens in vision-related cortical areas when congenitally blind (CB) individuals orient attention to spatial locations? Previous neuroimaging of sighted individuals has found overlapping activation in a network of frontoparietal areas including frontal eye fields (FEF), during both overt (with eye movement) and covert (without eye movement) shifts of(More)
To determine ideal alignment and component placement of total knee prostheses, Kinematic (K) and total condylar (TC) devices were physiologically loaded and interface forces were measured. Laboratory observations were correlated with clinical (roentgenographic) findings. Asymmetric loading of the tibial component has been proposed as causing loosening and(More)
Youth and adolescents are routinely engaged in manual material handling (MMH) tasks that may exceed their strength capability to perform the task and may place them at excessive risk for musculoskeletal disorders. This paper reports on a two-dimensional biomechanical model that was developed to assess MMH tasks performed by youth 3-21 years of age. The(More)
A three-dimensional computer model of the knee was formulated based on sectional and coordinate data from knee specimens. The model was consistent with published data in terms of contact points and ligament length patterns. Prosthetic components were designed, and surgical placement was simulated. Maximum flexion was limited by tension in the posterior(More)
OBJECTIVE This manuscript systematically quantifies multiple measures of low-back pain (LBP) prevalence by pain rating in a large, multisite cohort of workers. BACKGROUND Published LBP prevalence rates vary. Studies rely on one measure of LBP and none report prevalence stratified by pain rating. METHOD Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from a(More)