Arumugam Premkumar

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3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy) is a widely abused drug. In brains of mice exposed to MDMA, we recently detected altered expression of several cDNAs and genes by using the differential display polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Expression of one such cDNA, which exhibited 98% sequence homology with the synaptic vesicle protein(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been reported to target noninfected CD4 and CD8 cells for destruction. This effect is manifested in part through up-regulation of the death receptor Fas ligand (FasL) by HIV-1 negative factor (Nef), leading to bystander damage. However, the signal transduction and transcriptional regulation of this process remains(More)
The Vpr protein of HIV-1 functions as a vital accessory gene by regulating various cellular functions, including cell differentiation, apoptosis, nuclear factor of kappaB (NF-kappaB) suppression and cell-cycle arrest of the host cell. Several reports have indicated that Vpr complexes with the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), but it remains unclear whether the(More)
Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors (PBR) are constituted by three protein components, the isoquinoline binding protein (IBP), the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), and the adenine nucleotide transporter (ANT). Recently, we found that high levels of PBR ligand binding in glioma cell lines correlate with in vitro tumorigenicity. To study whether(More)
The HIV-1 accessory protein Vpr exhibits many interesting features related to macrophage and T cell biology. As a viral protein or as a soluble molecule it can suppress immune cell activation and cytokine production in vitro in part by targeted inhibition of NF-kappaB. In this regard we sought to test its effects in vivo on an NF-kappaB-dependent immune(More)
The destruction of CD4(+) T cells and eventual induction of immunodeficiency is a hallmark of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection (HIV-1). However, the mechanism of this destruction remains unresolved. Several auxiliary proteins have been proposed to play a role in this aspect of HIV pathogenesis including a 14 kDa protein named viral protein(More)
Objectives A hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases is the progressive death of neuronal cells in the central or peripheral nervous system. Neurons, like other cells in our body, are vulnerable to toxins and oxidizing agents, some of which are self-made. It is well established, e.g., that a number of endogenous brain chemicals, including the(More)
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