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Arteries exhibit a remarkable ability to adapt to sustained alterations in biomechanical loading, probably via mechanisms that are similarly involved in many arterial pathologies and responses to treatment. Of particular note, diverse data suggest that cell and matrix turnover within vasoaltered states enables arteries to adapt to sustained changes in blood(More)
Cerebral vasospasm is a poorly understood clinical condition that appears to result from complex biochemical and biomechanical processes that manifest as yet another example of vascular growth and remodeling. We submit that mathematical modeling holds great promise to help synthesize diverse types of data and thereby to increase our understanding of(More)
Evolving constituent composition and organization are important determinants of the biomechanical behaviour of soft tissues. In arteries, vascular smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts continually produce and degrade matrix constituents in preferred modes and at altered rates in response to changing mechanical stimuli. Smooth muscle cells similarly exhibit(More)
Computational models of arterial growth and remodeling promise to increase our understanding of basic biological processes, such as development, tissue maintenance, and aging, the biomechanics of functional adaptation, the progression and treatment of disease, responses to injuries, and even the design of improved replacement vessels and implanted medical(More)
The structural protein elastin endows large arteries with unique biological functionality and mechanical integrity, hence its disorganization, fragmentation, or degradation can have important consequences on the progression and treatment of vascular diseases. There is, therefore, a need in arterial mechanics to move from materially uniform,(More)
Diverse mechanical perturbations elicit arterial growth and remodeling responses that appear to optimize structure and function so as to promote mechanical homeostasis. For example, it is well known that functional adaptations to sustained changes in transmural pressure and blood flow primarily affect wall thickness and caliber to restore circumferential(More)
Arterial responses to diverse pathologies and insults likely occur via similar mechanisms. For example, many studies suggest that the natural process of aging and isolated systolic hypertension share many characteristics in arteries, including loss of functional elastin, decreased smooth muscle tone, and altered rates of deposition, and/or crosslinking of(More)
Many investigators have engineered diverse connective tissues having good mechanical properties, yet few tools enable a global understanding of the associated formation of collagen fibers, the primary determinant of connective tissue stiffness. Toward this end, we developed a biomechanical model for collagenous tissues grown on polymer scaffolds that(More)
Hypothesis testing via numerical models has emerged as a powerful tool which permits the verification of theoretical frameworks against canonical experimental and clinical observations. Cleverly designed computational experiments also inspire new methodologies by elucidating important biological processes and restricting parametric spaces. Constrained(More)
We implemented a constrained mixture model of arterial growth and remodeling in a nonlinear finite element framework to facilitate numerical analyses of diverse cases of arterial adaptation and maladaptation, including disease progression, resulting in complex evolving geometries and compositions. This model enables hypothesis testing by predicting(More)