Arturo Orellana

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We carried out a kinetic characterization of the Ca(2+)active transport in the rat liver Golgi Apparatus (GA) membrane. Calcium accumulation by vesicles of a GA enriched fraction was found to be a function of both Ca(2+)and ATP-Mg concentrations, it was inhibited by 2 microm thapsigargin but not stimulated by 3 microm calmodulin. The kinetic parameter(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) α and β are nuclear hormone receptors that are widely expressed in the kidney. They promote cholesterol efflux from cells and inhibit inflammatory responses by regulating gene transcription. Here, we hypothesised (1) that LXR deficiency would promote renal decline in a mouse model of diabetes by accelerating intraglomerular(More)
In vertebrates, body Fe homeostasis is maintained through the regulation of its intestinal absorption. In addition, because Fe is both essential and toxic, intracellular Fe levels are tightly regulated. Consequently, intestinal epithelial cells are in the unique position of being responsible simultaneously for the regulation of body Fe absorption and the(More)
Synthetic glucocorticoids (GCs), including dexamethasone (DEX), are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. Long-term use of GCs, however, can result in metabolic side effects such as hyperglycemia, hepatosteatosis, and insulin resistance. The GC receptor (GR) and liver X receptors (LXRα and LXRβ) regulate overlapping genes involved in gluconeogenesis and(More)
The first Diels-Alder based synthesis of (-)-kainic acid is described. Danishefsky's diene and a vinylogous malonate derived from 4-hydroxyproline combine under high pressure to afford a key bicyclic intermediate with virtually no loss of enantiopurity. This adduct can be converted into the natural product with complete stereocontrol. [reaction: see text].
Kinetic isotope effect (KIE) measurements are a powerful tool for studying enzyme mechanisms; they can provide insights into microscopic catalytic processes and even structural constraints for transition states. However, KIEs have not come into widespread use in enzymology, due in large part to the requirement for prohibitively cumbersome experimental(More)
The palladium-catalyzed selective β-carboelimination and cross-coupling chemistry of benzocyclobutenols is described. In contrast to the base-mediated ring-opening reactions of benzocyclobutenols, this variant proceeds with exclusive cleavage of the proximal bond.