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In order to better define the structural elements involved in allosteric signalling, wild-type DnaK and three deletion mutants of the peptide binding domain have been characterized by biophysical (steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence) and biochemical methods. In the presence of ATP the chemical environment of the single tryptophan residue of DnaK,(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-C is a novel member of the PDGF family that binds to PDGF alphaalpha and alphabeta receptors. The growth factor domain of PDGF-C (GFD-PDGF-C) was expressed in high yields in Escherichia coli and was purified and refolded from inclusion bodies obtaining a biologically active growth factor with dimeric structure. The(More)
The peptide HIV(arg), corresponding to a sequence of 23 amino acid residues at the N-terminus of HIV-1 gp41 (LAV1a strain), has the capacity to destabilize negatively charged large unilamellar vesicles. As revealed by infrared spectroscopy, the peptide associated with those vesicles showed conformational polymorphism: in the absence of cations the main(More)
This paper presents a study on the membrane fusion activity of a 23-residue synthetic peptide, representing the N-terminus of gp41 of the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1; LAV1a strain), in a model system involving large unilamellar vesicles (LUV) composed of the negatively charged 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylglycerol (POPG). The peptide(More)
The effect of membranes binding on the structure and stability of ferricytochrome c was studied by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. Association of cytochrome c with phospholipid membranes containing phosphatidylglycerol as a model acidic phospholipid results in only slight, if any, perturbation of the protein(More)
We have studied the effect of macromolecular crowding reagents, such as polysaccharides and bovine serum albumin, on the refolding of tetradecameric GroEL from urea-denatured protein monomers. The results show that productive refolding and assembly strongly depends on the presence of nucleotides (ATP or ADP) and background macromolecules. Nucleotides are(More)
Nucleoplasmin (NP), a histone chaperone, acts as a reservoir for histones H2A-H2B in Xenopus laevis eggs and can displace sperm nuclear basic proteins and linker histones from the chromatin fiber of sperm and quiescent somatic nuclei. NP has been proposed to mediate the dynamic exchange of histones during the expression of certain genes and assists the(More)
The chaperonin GroEL consists of a double-ring structure made of identical subunits and displays unusual allosteric properties caused by the interaction between its constituent subunits. Cooperative binding of ATP to a protein ring allows binding of GroES to that ring, and at the same time negative inter-ring cooperativity discharges the ligands from the(More)
Nucleoplasmin (NP) is an abundant histone chaperone in vertebrate oocytes and embryos involved in storing and releasing maternal histones to establish and maintain the zygotic epigenome. NP has been considered a H2A-H2B histone chaperone, and recently it has been shown that it can also interact with H3-H4. However, its interaction with different types of(More)