Arturo García-Touchard

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OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the day-night variation of acute myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea has a high prevalence and is characterized by acute nocturnal hemodynamic and neurohormonal abnormalities that may increase the risk of MI during the night. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with coronary risk factors, but it is unknown if OSA is associated with development of coronary disease. We evaluated the association between OSA and the presence of subclinical coronary disease assessed by coronary artery calcification (CAC). METHODS Consecutive patients with no history of coronary(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing, broadly characterized by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA), is an increasingly recognized public health burden. OSA, consisting of apneas or hypopneas associated with respiratory efforts in the face of upper airway narrowing or collapse, is a common disorder that can be effectively treated with(More)
AIMS The addition of drug elution to coronary stents plays an integral role in coronary restenosis prevention. The present study was undertaken to determine the mechanism of action and the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of zotarolimus, a new chemical entity designed specifically for elution from phosphorylcholine (PC)-coated stents, for the reduction of(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of patients with drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a major challenge. OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the comparative efficacy of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) and everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in patients presenting with DES-ISR. METHODS The study design of this multicenter randomized clinical trial assumed(More)
Extracellular proteolysis plays a key role in many pathophysiologic processes including cancer, inflammatory diseases, and cardiovascular conditions such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Whereas matrix metalloproteinases are their best known member, many others are becoming better known. The extracellular proteases are a complex and heterogeneous(More)
Sleep is an important modulator of cardiovascular function, both in physiological conditions and in disease states. In individuals without a primary sleep disorder, sleep may exert significant effects on the autonomic nervous system, systemic hemodynamics, cardiac function, endothelial function, and coagulation. Some of these influences can be directly(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is associated with risk for subsequent cardiovascular events in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). These patients often have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We tested the hypothesis that patients with OSA post MI will exhibit more severe impairment in FMD. METHODS We studied 64 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is the therapy of choice for primary prevention in patients with ischemia who are at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD). One third of patients with significant coronary disease have chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO), which is associated with long-term mortality in patients with previous(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the effectiveness of a strategy of using drug-eluting stents (DES) with a different drug (switch) in patients with DES in-stent restenosis (ISR). BACKGROUND Treatment of patients with DES ISR remains a challenge. METHODS The RIBS-III (Restenosis Intra-Stent: Balloon Angioplasty Versus Drug-Eluting Stent) study was(More)