Arturo García-Horsman

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We have generated a transgenic mouse line overexpressing mutated human A30P alpha-synuclein under the control of the prion-related protein promoter. Immunohistology revealed mutated human A30P alpha-synuclein protein in numerous brain areas, but no gross morphological changes, Lewy bodies, or loss of dopaminergic cell bodies. The transgenic mice displayed(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a cytosolic serine protease that hydrolyses small peptides at the carboxyl end of the proline residue. It has raised pharmaceutical interest, since its inhibitors have been shown to have antiamnesic properties. We studied prolyl oligopeptidase kinetics with two 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin derivatives: Z-Gly-Pro-AMC and(More)
As the final electron acceptor in the respiratory chain of eukaryotic and many prokaryotic organisms, cytochrome c oxidase (EC catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water and generates a proton gradient. To test for proton pathways through the oxidase, site-directed mutagenesis was applied to subunit I of the Rhodobacter sphaeroides enzyme. Mutants(More)
Altered prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) activity is found in many common neurological and other genetic disorders, and in some cases PREP inhibition may be a promising treatment. The active site of PREP resides in an internal cavity; in addition to the direct interaction between active site and substrate or inhibitor, the pathway to reach the active site (the(More)
Glutamic acid 286 (E286; Escherichia coli cytochrome bo3 numbering) in subunit I of the respiratory heme-copper oxidases is highly conserved and has been suggested to be involved in proton translocation. We report a technique of enzyme reconstitution that yields essentially unidirectionally oriented cytochrome bo3 vesicles in which proton translocation can(More)
Cytochrome bo(3) ubiquinol oxidase has been successfully purified for crystallization. Single crystals of this integral membrane protein diffract X-rays to 3.5 A resolution and belong to the orthorhombic space group C222(1). From the diffraction data, the unit-cell parameters were determined to be a = 91.3, b = 370.3, c = 232.4 A. The crystals have a(More)
The respiratory systems of the Bacillus cereus mother cell, forespore, and dormant and germinated spore were studied. The results indicated that the electron transfer capacity during sporulation, dormancy, and germination is related to the menaquinone levels in the membrane. During the maturation stages of sporulation (stages III to VI), forespore NADH(More)
The respiratory system of Rhizobium phaseoli CFN42 in free-living cultures was studied. Cytochromes b, c, o and aa 3 were found in fast growing cells cultured under forced aeration. Stationary aerobic cells, and semianaerobically grown cells showed decreased levels of cytochromes c, aa 3 and o, concomitant with a significant increase of b type cytochromes(More)