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Objectives: For almost two decades, the literature has consistently described an epidemiologic paradox relating to better birth outcomes among high-risk groups, particularly new immigrants from Mexico and Southeast Asia. We hypothesize that regardless of their sociodemographic profile, Mexican immigrants will exhibit lower rates of low birth weight and(More)
A novel nonlinear programming (NLP) strategy is developed and applied to the optimization of diierential algebraic equation (DAE) systems. Such problems, also referred to as dynamic optimization problems, are common in chemical process engineering and remain challenging applications of nonlinear programming. These applications often consist of large,(More)
This paper presents the optimal control policy of an industrial low-density polyethylene (LDPE) plant. Based on a dynamic model of the whole plant, optimal feed profiles are determined to minimize the transient states generated during the switching between different steady states. The industrial process under study produces LDPE by high-pressure(More)
An optimization of the air pollution control (APC) residue washing process was carried out to minimize the release of chloride and heavy metals. Taking into account economic parameters such as the consumption of water and reaction time, the best relation found was a S/L ratio of 1/3 during 1 h. At a laboratory scale and according to the values obtained for(More)
Three chromatic reference stimuli (red, green, and blue) seen under five adaptation conditions (red, green, blue, achromatic, and darkness) were appearance-matched to subsequent color stimuli seen under achromatic conditions. The experimental results have been used to verify the opponent-color color-vision model and also to check the validity of some of the(More)
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