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In rat gait kinematics, the method most frequently used for measuring hindlimb movement involves placing markers on the skin surface overlying the joints being analyzed. Soft tissue movement around the knee joint has been considered the principle source of error when estimating hindlimb joint kinematics in rodents. However, the motion of knee marker was(More)
Numerous animal model studies in the past decade have demonstrated that pharmacological elevation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) alone, or in combination with other treatments, can promote axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury. Elevation of cAMP via the phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, rolipram, decreases neuronal sensitivity to myelin inhibitors,(More)
The purpose of this study was to test in vivo two different nerve guides, one of PLGA made of a novel proportion (90:10) of the two polymers, Poly(L-lactide):Poly(glycolide), with (DL-lactide-epsilon-caprolactone) copolyester (Neurolac) tube, in promoting nerve regeneration across a 10 mm-gap of the rat sciatic nerve. Finally, end-to-end coaptation was(More)
Currently, methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) is the standard treatment following acute spinal cord injury (SCI) as a consequence of the results obtained from the National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Studies. However, many have questioned the efficacy of MPSS because of its marginal effects. Additionally there has been criticism of both study design(More)
Of all the detrimental effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), one of the most devastating effects is the disruption of the ability to walk. Therefore, much effort has been focused on developing several methods to document the recovery of locomotor function after experimental SCI. Computerized rat gait analysis is becoming increasingly popular in the SCI(More)
The convenience of the motor-driven treadmill makes it an attractive instrument for investigating rat locomotion. However, no data are available to indicate whether hindlimb treadmill kinematic findings may be compared or generalized to overground locomotion. In this investigation, we compared overground and treadmill locomotion for differences in the(More)
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nerve tube guides, made of a novel proportion (90:10) of the two polymers, poly(L-lactide): poly(glycolide) and covered with a neural cell line differentiated in vitro, were tested in vivo for promoting nerve regeneration across a 10-mm gap of the rat sciatic nerve. Before in vivo testing, the PLGA 90:10 tubes were(More)
The search for good conduits for bridging nerve defects is a major challenge of today's tissue engineering research. In this paper we report on a laser confocal microscope study on early nerve regeneration inside a tissue engineered graft made by a poly(DLLA-epsilon-CL) conduit enriched with fresh skeletal muscle. The same biodegradable tubes filled with(More)