Artur Ribeiro

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BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with several conditions that could facilitate the onset of cardiovascular and metabolic dysfunctions. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has been shown to improve cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to OSA, but the mechanisms underlying this association are not fully(More)
Visceral fat accumulation is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Clinical evaluation of visceral fat is limited because of the lack of reliable and low-cost methods. To assess the correlation between ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) for the evaluation of visceral fat, 101 obese women, age 50.5+/-7.7 years with a body mass index of(More)
Hyperuricemia is a prevalent finding in patients presenting metabolic syndrome, although its clinical meaning is still controversial and often underestimated. Men and women have different serum urate levels at all ages, and the impact of hyperuricemia in cardiovascular and renal outcomes is generally associated with a worse prognosis in women. Recent(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for more than 50% of the deaths in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Sleep apnea (SA) has been recognized as a risk factor for CVD. Previous studies have shown a higher prevalence of SA among patients on dialysis. METHODS Forty-five nondiabetics patients with ESRD underwent a(More)
We compared the antihypertensive efficacy of available drugs in the new angiotensin-II-antagonist (AIIA) class. The antihypertensive efficacy of losartan, valsartan, irbesartan, and candesartan was evaluated from randomized controlled trials (RCT) by performing a metaanalysis of 43 published RCT. These trials involved AIIA compared with placebo, other(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep disorders are common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and are not improved by either conventional haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with cardiovascular disease and contributes to high mortality found in patients with ESRD. Cure of SDB after transplantation has been(More)
Using ion-exchange chromatography of dialyzed human urine from healthy and hypertensive patients, we detected two peaks of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity on hippuryl-His-Leu eluted at ionic strengths of 0.7 (F1 peak) and 1.25 (F2 peak) mS. These hydrolytic activities decreased gradually in the urine of patients submitted to isradipine(More)
Type 2 diabetes is becoming the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Prevalence of ESRD and the antihypertensive response to renin-angiotensin system intervention are suggested to vary among different ethnicities. The Reduction in Endpoints in Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with the Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan (RENAAL)(More)
The possibility of obtaining different self-assembled nanostructures in reversible systems based on elastin-like block corecombinamers is explored in this work. The results obtained show how an evolution from a more common micellar structure to a hollow vesicle can be attained simply by changing the block arrangements and lengths, even when other molecular(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine if hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients, when compared to patients with essential hypertension have an increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and a worse diastolic function, and if this fact would be related to 24-h pressoric levels changes. METHODS Ninety-one hypertensive patients with type 2(More)