Artur Plonowski

Learn More
Several in-vitro studies have shown that endothelins (ET) may inhibit synthesis of progesterone and prevent luteinization of granulosa cells. In the present study, a specific radioimmunoassay was used to evaluate the correlation between concentrations of active (21 residue) ET and ovarian steroids in 47 samples of human follicular fluid (FF) following(More)
The use of peptide analogs for the therapy of various cancers is reviewed. Inhibition of the pituitary-gonadal axis forms the basis for oncological applications of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonists and antagonists, but direct effects on tumors may also play a role. Analogs of somatostatin are likewise used for treatment of various(More)
We evaluated whether AN-238, the cytotoxic analogue of somatostatin (SST) consisting of the radical 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (AN-201) linked covalently to the SST octapeptide carrier RC-121 (D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys-Thr-NH 2), could be used for targeting human primary and metastatic prostate carcinomas that express SST receptors (SSTRs). The antitumor(More)
To evaluate the potential application of somatostatin (SST) analogs as an adjuvant treatment for prostate cancer, we characterized the binding sites for SST octapeptide analogs on prostate cancers in patients treated with radical prostatectomy. The affinity and density of binding sites for SST analog RC-160 on 80 surgical specimens of prostate cancers were(More)
The expression of mRNA for GHRH and splice variants (SVs) of GHRH receptors in LNCaP, MDA-PCa-2b and PC-3 human prostate cancers grown in nude mice was investigated by RT-PCR. The expression of mRNA for GHRH was detected in LNCaP and PC-3, but not in MDA-PCa-2b prostatic carcinoma. RT-PCR analyses of mRNA isolated from LNCaP, MDA-PCa-2b and PC-3 cancers,(More)
Splice variants (SV) of receptors for growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) have been found in several human cancer cell lines. GHRH antagonists inhibit growth of various human cancers, including osteosarcomas and Ewing's sarcoma, xenografted into nude mice or cultured in vitro and their antiproliferative action could be mediated, in part, through these(More)
The effectiveness of chemotherapy targeted to somatostatin (SST) receptors based on cytotoxic SST analogue AN-238, consisting of 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (AN-201) linked to SST carrier octapeptide, was investigated in human renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). SST receptors, which showed high-affinity binding for AN-238, were found in the SW-839 RCC line with sst2A(More)
Dysregulation of PI3K/PTEN pathway components, resulting in hyperactivated PI3K signaling, is frequently observed in various cancers and correlates with tumor growth and survival. Resistance to a variety of anticancer therapies, including receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors and chemotherapeutic agents, has been attributed to the absence or attenuation(More)
Some brain tumours, such as glioblastomas express high levels of receptors for bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide. We investigated whether bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide receptors found in glioblastoma cell lines can be utilised for targeting of a cytotoxic bombesin analogue, AN-215 consisting of a potent derivative of doxorubicin,(More)