Artur M S Silva

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A heteroxylan was isolated from Eucalyptus globulus wood by extraction of peracetic acid delignified holocellulose with dimethyl sulfoxide. Besides (1-->4)-linked beta-D-xylopyranosyl units of the backbone and short side chains of terminal (1-->2)-linked 4-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucuronosyl residues (MeGlcA) in a 1:10 molar ratio, this hemicellulose contained(More)
The synthesis, structure elucidation, and antitumor activity of 11 xanthones are reported, being the compounds 3, 4, 6-8, and 9 described for the first time. Xanthones 1 and 2 were used as building blocks to obtain the prenylated derivatives 3-8. Prenylation was carried out using prenyl bromide in alkaline medium. Dihydropyranoxanthones 9-11 were obtained(More)
Human noroviruses (NoV) are now recognized as the most frequent cause of outbreaks and sporadic cases of acute gastroenteritis. Despite the significant economic impact and considerable morbidity of norovirus disease, no drug or vaccine is currently available to treat or prevent this disease, therefore the discovery of anti-norovirus drugs is urgent. In the(More)
Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and the production of cytokines/chemokines are important targets for the modulation of the inflammatory response. Although a large variety of inhibitors of these pathways have been commercialized, some of those inhibitors present severe side effects, governing the search for new molecules, as alternative anti-inflammatory agents.(More)
The purpose of this study was the evaluation of the xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibition produced by some synthetic 2-styrylchromones. Ten polyhydroxylated derivatives with several substitution patterns were synthesised, and these and a positive control, allopurinol, were tested for their effects on XO activity by measuring the formation of uric acid from(More)
Inflammation is a normal response towards tissue injury, but may become deleterious to the organism if uncontrolled. The overproduction of reactive species during the inflammatory process may cause or magnify the damage at inflammatory sites. Flavonoids have been suggested as therapeutic agents to avoid such damage, as these compounds exhibit(More)
Salt marsh sediments are sinks for various anthropogenic contaminants, giving rise to significant environmental concern. The process of salt marsh plant survival in such environment is very intriguing and at the same time poorly understood. The plant–microbe interactions may play a key role in the process of environment and in planta detoxification.In this(More)
Chemical study of a previously undescribed fungus, Talaromyces thailandiasis, furnished the two new merodrimanes thailandolides A (1) and B (2), an O-methylated derivative (3) of the aromatic fragment incorporated in thailandolide B, and three known closely related 1(3H)-isobenzofuran derivatives, penisimplicissin (4a), vermistatin (4b), and(More)
Three newly formed Port wine pigments were isolated by Toyopearl HW-40(s) gel chromatography and semipreparative HPLC. Furthermore, the pigments were identified by mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and NMR techniques (1D and 2D). These anthocyanin-derived pigments showed UV-visible spectra different from those of the original grape anthocyanins. These pigments(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The genus Inula comprises more than one hundred species widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia. Uses of this genus as herbal medicines have been first recorded by the Greek and Roman ancient physicians. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, from the 20 Inula spp. distributed in China, three are used as Traditional Chinese(More)