Artur José de Brum-Fernandes

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Under various abnormal physiologic conditions, overactivation of glutamate-gated ion channel receptor family members, including NMDA receptors, causes increase in COX-2 expression and generation of prostaglandins. PGE(2) exerts its physiologic actions mainly through its PGE(2) prostanoid (EP) receptors. In the present study, the role of the EP4 receptor(More)
UNLABELLED Human osteoblasts produce PGD(2), which acts on the DP receptor to decrease osteoprotegerin production and on the CRTH2 receptor to decrease RANKL expression and to induce osteoblast chemotaxis. These results indicate that activation of CRTH2 may lead to an anabolic response in bone. INTRODUCTION Whereas the actions of prostaglandin (PG)E(2) as(More)
We have mutated two residues, Ala230 and Leu231, in the C-terminal portion of the third intracellular loop of the human platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor into Glu230 and Arg231, respectively. The Leu231 --> Arg231 substitution led to two major modifications: 1) increased constitutive activity of the PAF receptor resulting in agonist-independent(More)
The prognostic value of two antibodies targeting citrullinated antigens, anti-Sa and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP), present at inclusion, was evaluated prospectively in a cohort of 165 consecutive patients with recent-onset or early polyarthritis (EPA) followed for up to 30 months. Patients were treated according to current Good Clinical Practice(More)
Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) exerts its actions on two G protein-coupled receptors, the prostanoid DP receptor and CRTH2 (chemoattractant homologous receptor expressed on TH2 cells). Here, we characterize the regulation of the signaling and trafficking of the prostanoid DP receptor and CRTH2. Time-course and dose-response curves showed that both receptors(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoclasts are central to the pathophysiology of several bone diseases. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is well known to influence osteoclasts indirectly, but its direct action on osteoclasts is still controversial and the relevant receptors are unknown. We investigated the distribution and function of EP receptors in human mature osteoclasts. METHODS(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX), the rate limiting enzyme responsible for the conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandins. Recent studies have shown the existence of two isoforms of cyclooxygenase: COX-1, now often referred to as the(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI(2)) is an important mediator implicated in bone metabolism. Among the natural prostaglandins it is the most potent inhibitor of bone resorption and mediates bone modelling and remodelling induced by strain changes. The effects of prostacyclin depend on its interaction with a specific receptor (IP). Despite its well documented effects on(More)
Nitric oxide and other reactive oxygen species generated by nitric-oxide synthases (NOS) modulate, among several other cellular responses, the production of eicosanoids and platelet aggregation. The roles of specific NOS in these two phenomena remain to be determined. Thus, the present study assessed whether inducible NOS (iNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS)(More)
The molecular mechanisms regulating the trafficking of the CRTH2 receptor are poorly understood. In the present study, we characterize C-terminal tail determinants involved in the agonist-induced trafficking of the CRTH2 receptor for prostaglandin D(2). Our results showed that progressive deletion of C-terminal tail residues from amino acid 395 up to 337(More)