Artur Beberok

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Amikacin is principally used to treat infections caused by microorganisms resistant to other aminoglycosides. Ototoxicity is one of the side effects of amikacin, but the causative mechanism of damage to the ear has not been fully established. Thus, the aim of this work was to examine the impact of amikacin on the melanogenesis and antioxidant defense system(More)
There have been described serious adverse events caused by ciprofloxacin in pigmented tissues. It is known that some fluoroquinolones bind well to melanin rich tissues, but the relation between their affinity to melanin and the skin or eye toxicity is not well documented. The aim of this study was to examine whether ciprofloxacin binds to melanin, and how(More)
Aminoglycosides, broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotics, are used in various infections therapy due to their good antimicrobial characteristics. However, their adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity and auditory ototoxicity, as well as some toxic effects directed to pigmented tissues, complicate the use of these agents. This study was undertaken to(More)
Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic with an antituberculosis activity commonly used in clinical practice due to its good antimicrobial characteristics. A well-known undesirable side effect of this drug is ototoxicity, which may be caused by overproduction of reactive oxygen species and loss of melanocytes in the inner ear. The aim of this study was(More)
The aim of this study was to examine in vitro the binding capacity of three phenothiazine derivatives--chlorpromazine, fluphenazine and trifluoperazine--causing adverse effects in the eye structures, to natural melanin isolated from pig eyes as well as to synthetic DOPA-melanin used as a model polymer. The amount of drug bound to melanin was determined by(More)
It is known that aminoglycoside antibiotics bind well to melanin biopolymer, but the relation between their affinity to melanin and ototoxicity is not well established. The aim of this work was to examine the impact of netilmicin on melanogenesis in cultured normal human melanocytes (HEMa-LP). The WST-1 assay was used to detect netilmicin cytotoxic effect.(More)
Chlorpromazine is used in the treatment of schizophrenia and psychotic disorders and belongs to phenothiazine class of neuroleptic drugs. It shows severe side effects such as extrapyramidal symptoms as well as ocular and skin disorders, but the mechanism is still not fully established. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of chlorpromazine on(More)
Melanins are natural pigments of skin, hair and eyes and can be classified into two main types: brown to black eumelanin and yellow to reddish-brown pheomelanin. Biosynthesis of melanins takes place in melanosomes, which are specialized cytoplasmic organelles of melanocytes - dendritic cells located in the basal layer of the epidermis, uveal tract of the(More)
Thioridazine as an antipsychotic agent was extensively used to treat various psychotic disorders, e.g. schizophrenia. However, the therapy with this drug can induce serious side effects such as extrapyramidal symptoms or ocular and skin disorders, which mechanisms are still not fully established. To gain inside the molecular mechanisms underlying(More)
Hypo- and hyperpigmentation disorders are the most severe dermatological diseases observed in patients from all over the world. These disorders can be divided into melanoses connected with disorders of melanocyte function and melanocytoses connected with melanocyte development. The article presents some hereditary hypomelanocytoses, which are caused by(More)