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The cornified envelope is assembled from transglutaminase cross-linked proteins and lipids in the outermost epidermal layers and is essential for skin barrier function. Involucrin, envoplakin, and periplakin form the protein scaffold on which the envelope assembles. To examine their combined function, we generated mice deficient in all three genes. The(More)
Envoplakin and periplakin are two plakins that are precursors of the epidermal cornified envelope. We studied their distribution and interactions by transfection of primary human keratinocytes and other cells. Full-length periplakin localized to desmosomes, the interdesmosomal plasma membrane and intermediate filaments. Full length envoplakin also localized(More)
Envoplakin, a member of the plakin family of cytoskeletal linker proteins, is localized in desmosomes of stratified epithelial cells and is a component of the epidermal cornified envelope. Gene targeting in mouse embryonic stem cells was used to generate a null allele of envoplakin. No envoplakin transcripts from the targeted allele could be detected in the(More)
Periplakin is a cytoskeletal linker protein that participates in the assembly of epidermal cell cornified envelope and regulates keratin organisation in simple epithelial cells. We have generated a stably transfected MCF-7 subclone expressing HA-tagged periplakin N-terminus to identify molecular interactions of periplakin. Co-immunoprecipitation with(More)
Vimentin is a type III Intermediate filament protein that is expressed frequently in epithelial carcinomas correlating with invasiveness and poor prognosis. We have analysed migration and adhesion to collagenous matrix of a panel of carcinoma cell lines. In vitro invasiveness was highest in vimentin-positive SW480 colon cancer and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer(More)
Epidermal proliferation and differentiation can be regulated by soluble morphogens and growth factors. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) modulate the action of several of these effector molecules, such as members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and Wnt families. Syndecan-1 is a cell-surface proteoglycan that is expressed in differentiating(More)
Co-ordination of cytoskeletal networks and their dynamics is an essential feature of cell migration and cancer cell invasion. Plectin is a large cytolinker protein that influences tissue integrity, organisation of actin and intermediate filaments, and cell migration. Alternatively spliced plectin isoforms are targeted to different subcellular locations.(More)
Syndecan-1 is a cell-surface heparan-sulphate proteoglycan that is involved in growth factor regulation, cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, blood coagulation, lipid metabolism, as well as tumour formation. In this study, investigation of discrete LCM captured dermal cells by semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed Syndecan-1 mRNA transcripts were(More)
Collective migration of epithelial sheets requires maintenance of cell-cell junctions and co-ordination of the movement of the migrating front. We have investigated the role of keratin intermediate filaments and periplakin, a cytoskeletal linker protein, in the migration of simple epithelial cells. Scratch wounding induces bundling of keratins into a cable(More)
Periplakin regulates keratin organisation and participates in the assembly of epidermal cornified envelopes. A proteomic approach identified annexin A9 as a novel interacting partner for periplakin N-terminus. The presence of annexin A9 in complexes with periplakin was confirmed by immunoblotting of proteins immunoprecipitated by anti-HA or anti-annexin A9(More)