Arto Juhani Gröhn

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In this work, we investigated the role of the nebulizer gas flow in electrosonic spray ionization (ESSI), by systematically studying the relation between the flow and the ion signals of proteins, such as cytochrome c and holomyoglobin using ESSI-mass spectrometry (MS). When a neutral solution was delivered with a small sample flow rate (≤5 μL/min), no(More)
High-flux solar simulators consist of lamps that mimic concentrated sunlight from a field of heliostats or parabolic dish. These installations are used to test promising solar-thermal technologies for commercial potential. Solar simulators can be calibrated with cylindrical calorimeters, devices that approximate black body absorbers. Calorimeter accuracy is(More)
Effects of external optical feedback from a reflection grating on the linewidth of a GaAlAs semiconductor laser operating at 780 nm are investigated. Accurate linewidth measurements as a function of the laser frequency tuning have been performed by applying the self-homodyne technique with a short delay line. A realistic coupled-cavity model, which(More)
In this study, we designed and built a condensing heat exchanger capable of simultaneous fine particle emission reduction and waste heat recovery. The deposition mechanisms inside the heat exchanger prototype were maximized using a computer model which was later compared to actual measurements. The main deposition mechanisms were diffusio- and(More)
Gas-borne nanoparticles undergoing coagulation and sintering form irregular or fractal-like structures affecting their transport, light scattering, effective surface area, and density. Here, zirconia (ZrO(2)) nanoparticles are generated by scalable spray combustion, and their mobility diameter and mass are obtained nearly in situ by differential mobility(More)
Titania is the dominant white pigment and photocatalytic material, a key component of sunscreens and has promising applications in photovoltaics and sensors of organic vapors. The growth of TiO2 nanoparticles by sintering, the critical step during their large scale manufacture and processing, is elucidated and quantified by molecular dynamics. Highly mobile(More)
Aerosol reactors are utilized to manufacture nanoparticles in industrially relevant quantities. The development, understanding and scale-up of aerosol reactors can be facilitated with models and computer simulations. This review aims to provide an overview of recent developments of models and simulations and discuss their interconnection in a multiscale(More)
Dual-spray extractive electrospray ionization (EESI) mass spectrometry as a versatile analytical technique has attracted much interest due to its advantages over conventional electrospray ionization (ESI). The crucial difference between EESI and ESI is that in the EESI process, the analytes are introduced in nebulized form via a neutral spray and ionized by(More)
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