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The early region of bovine polyomavirus (BPyV) was tested for its cell transformation potential employing an assay of dense focus formation. Dense foci of morphologically transformed cells were observed upon transfection of primary rodent cells with a plasmid construct encoding the complete early region of BPyV under the transcriptional control of the long(More)
The significance of BKV infections relative to infections by generally tested respiratory agents was investigated in children with acute respiratory disease. Paired sera from 177 children admitted to a hospital for acute respiratory disease were tested for significant rises in antibodies. Sera from seven patients showed a seroconversion to BKV and clinical(More)
The 3' boundary of the coat gene of the RNA bacteriophage MS2 lies 46 nucleotides downstream from the beginning of the lysis (L) cistron. The translation of both reading frames is coupled; the synthesis of the lysis protein does not occur unless translation of the overlapping coat gene takes place. In the preceding paper we showed that de novo initiation at(More)
Inhibition of steroid sulphatase is now an important target for the development of new drugs for the treatment of women with endocrine-dependent breast tumours. The first potent sulphatase inhibitor identified, oestrone-3-O-sulphamate (EMATE) proved. unexpectedly, to be oestrogenic. A number of strategies have therefore been adopted to design and synthesize(More)
Twenty commercial batches of calf serum, obtained from several suppliers, were tested for the presence of bovine polyomavirus (BPyV) DNA and antibodies against the virus. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology, BPyV DNA was detected in 70% of the batches; no BPyV was detected in any of the negative control samples. The specificity of the(More)
The lysis gene of the RNA bacteriophage MS2 is not expressed unless translation of the overlapping coat gene takes place. To understand the molecular basis for this translational coupling the RNA secondary structure around the lysis gene start was analyzed with structure-specific enzymes and chemicals. The existence of a hairpin between nucleotides 1636 and(More)
The morphological transformation of human fibroblasts as measured in an assay for dense focus formation required, besides the SV40 large T antigen, an intact SV40 small t antigen. Using a G418-resistant colony formation assay it also was found that expression of the SV40 large T antigen only is not sufficient for the morphological transformation of human(More)
High multiplicity BK virus (BKV) infection of primary cells derived from human foetal pancreas resulted in massive cytopathology and subsequent outgrowth of cells. Intranuclear BKV T-antigen was present in all cells and viral antigen was detected in 10 to 30% of these cells. The subcultured cells yielded BKV in the supernatant (approx. 10(5) TCID50/ml) and(More)
The genetic organization of the early region of bovine polyomavirus (BPyV) was studied by analysis of the splice sites used in early mRNA maturation, using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing techniques. When compared to other polyomaviruses, the BPyV early region appears to have an uncommon organization. In the major early(More)