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Retinoic acid (RA), a putative morphogen in vertebrates, has profound effects on development during embryogenesis, chondrogenesis and differentiation of squamous epithelia. The distribution of the transcripts of the retinoic acid receptor gamma (RAR-gamma) gene has been studied here by in situ hybridization during mouse development from days 6.5 to 15.5(More)
In addition to having profound effects on embryonic pattern formation, retinoic acid (RA) has striking effects on differentiation and maintenance of epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro Skin is a major target organ for retinoids both in its normal and pathological states. The discovery of two human nuclear receptors for RA (hRAR alpha and hRAR beta) acting(More)
Clonal cells derived from HepG2 cells transfected with a plasmid containing hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA secrete hepatitis B surface antigen particles, nucleocapsids, and virions (M. A. Sells, M.-L. Chen, and G. Acs, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84:1005-1009, 1987) which elicit acute hepatitis in chimpanzees (G. Acs, M. A. Sells, R. H. Purcell, P. Price, R.(More)
We have identified a unique case of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) with a t(11;17) reciprocal chromosomal translocation involving the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR alpha) and a previously uncharacterized zinc finger gene. As a result of this translocation, mRNAs containing the coding sequences of the new gene, fused in-frame either upstream of the(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), associated with chromosomal translocations involving the retinoic acid receptor alpha gene (RARA) and the PML gene, is sensitive to retinoic acid (RA) treatment, while APL patients harbouring translocations between RARA and the PLZF gene do not respond to RA. We have generated PML-RARA and PLZF-RARA transgenic mice and(More)
Together with the previously described mouse retinoic acid receptor alpha-1 (mRAR-alpha 1, formerly mRAR-alpha 0), we have isolated and characterized here a total of seven mRAR-alpha cDNA isoforms (mRAR-alpha 1 to alpha 7). These isoforms are generated from mRAR-alpha primary transcript(s) of a single gene by alternative splicing of at least eight different(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Since the 1970s, the concept of differentiation therapy has been viewed as a promising and revolutionary approach for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and other cancers. However, the successful clinical application of differentiation therapy has only been realized since the late 1980s and only in one subtype of AML, acute(More)
Using anchored PCR, three different cDNA isoforms of the mouse retinoic acid receptor beta [mRAR-beta 1, mRAR-beta 2 (formerly mRAR-beta 0) and mRAR-beta 3], generated from the same gene by differential promoter usage and alternative splicing, were isolated. These three isoforms encode RAR proteins with different N-terminal A regions and identical B - F(More)
Concomitant expression of urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its surface receptor (uPAR) has been shown to correlate strongly with a more invasive tumor cell phenotype. A highly malignant human epidermoid carcinoma cell line (HEp3) was transfected with a vector capable of expressing an antisense transcript complementary to 300 bases of the 5'(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), a cytogenetically distinct subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), characterized by the t(15;17)-associated PML-RARA fusion, has been successfully treated with therapy utilizing all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) to differentiate leukemic blasts. However, among patients with non-APL AML, ATRA-based treatment has not been(More)