Arthur V Everitt

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Reducing food intake in lower animals such as the rat decreases body weight, retards many aging processes, delays the onset of most diseases of old age, and prolongs life. A number of clinical trials of food restriction in healthy adult human subjects running over 2-15 years show significant reductions in body weight, blood cholesterol, blood glucose, and(More)
Two groups of aged rats, a dietary restricted group fed approximately 10 g per day from 6 weeks of age and a group fed ad lib throughout their life span, were compared with a young adult group on an 8-arm radial maze and a flavor memory task. The young adult displayed efficient performance on the radial-arm maze within the 15 day test period. In contrast,(More)
Age-related changes in the hepatic sinusoid, called pseudocapillarization, may contribute to the pathogenesis of dyslipidemia. Caloric restriction (CR) is a powerful model for the study of aging because it extends lifespan. We assessed the effects of CR on the hepatic sinusoid to determine whether pseudocapillarization is preventable and hence a target for(More)
Hypophysectomy in young male Wistar rats aged 70 days, followed by cortisone acetate replacement therapy throughout life, retarded the rate of aging of tail tendon collagen fibres, inhibited the development of certain diseases of old age (renal disease, cardiac enlargement, hind limb paralysis, and various endocrine and non-endocrine tumors) and(More)
A new technique for measuring extracellular space in the rat brain has been developed. It involves opening the blood-brain barrier with a bolus of hyperosmotic sucrose followed by a high-pressure perfusion of the cerebral vasculature with an isotonic solution containing an impermeant radioactive tracer, [3H]sucrose. After allowing the concentration of(More)
Hypophysectomy in young male Wistar rats aged 70 days, like food restriction begun at the same age, retarded the life-long rate of collagen aging in tail tendon fibres and inhibited the development of age-associated proteinuria and renal histopathology. Hypothalamic lesions which increased the food intake of hypophysectomized rats from 7 g to 15 g/day and(More)
This investigation tested the hypothesis that differences in the growth of fore- and hindlimb muscles in the rat are regulated by the pituitary and food intake. Using morphometric techniques, the growth of muscle fibers was compared in two slow-twitch muscles, the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) of the forelimb, and the soleus of the hindlimb, in male Wistar(More)
Long-term food restriction is known to inhibit development and aging in the rat. These actions may be mediated by the pineal hormone, melatonin, whose secretion is increased by food restriction. This mechanism was investigated by studying the effects of pinealectomy in ad libitum fed and food restricted rats of both sexes living under normal conditions of(More)
A technique is described in which rat pups (5-7 days old) are induced into a state of suspended animation by placing them in the freezing compartment of a refrigerator at -20 degrees C for 8-10 minutes. This induces cessation of respiration and heart beat for 12-15 minutes. Surgical pinealectomy is undertaken during this period. Postoperation the animal is(More)
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