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Individual muscle function during single stance and swing phase of gait were analyzed using muscle driven forward simulation. The activation of each of 22 muscles in a musculoskeletal model with seven degrees of freedom were excluded from the forward simulation and the resulting changes in joint angles studied. A classification of muscle function during(More)
The cardiac regulation effects of a mental task added to regular office work are described. More insight into the time evolution during the different tasks is created by using time-frequency analysis (TFA). Continuous wavelet transformation was applied to create time series of instantaneous power and frequency in specified frequency bands (LF 0.04-0.15 Hz;(More)
This paper focuses on the contributions of the gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, gastrocnemius and soleus in maintaining the stability of the stance limb in the sagittal plane during the mid-stance phase of gait. In the absence of any one of these muscles, the potential compensatory changes in muscle activation are explored, the aim being to restore(More)
Research has raised a growing concern about the accuracy of rescaled generic musculoskeletal models for estimating a subject's musculoskeletal geometry. Information extracted from magnetic resonance (MR) images can improve the subject-specific detail and accuracy of musculoskeletal models. Nevertheless, methods that allow efficient, automated definition of(More)
With the increasing use of video display terminals (VDTs), there is growing concern over the corresponding increase in the number of health problems reported. Although much research has focused on identifying the optimal screen height, there is to date no consensus. This study aimed to investigate the effect of prolonged (89 min) VDT work at four different(More)
Inappropriate activity of M. rectus femoris (RF) during swing is believed to contribute to stiff knee gait in cerebral palsy. This study used musculoskeletal modeling techniques to analyze rectus femoris musculo-tendon (MT) length and lengthening velocity during stiff knee gait in 35 children with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Duncan Ely test scores were(More)
Biomechanical analysis of gait relies on the use of lower-limb musculoskeletal models. Most models are based on a generic model which takes into account the subject's skeletal dimensions by isotropic or anisotropic rescaling. Alternatively, personalized models can be built based on information from magnetic resonance (MR) images. We have studied the effect(More)
Rescaling generic models is the most frequently applied approach in generating biomechanical models for inverse kinematics. Nevertheless it is well known that this procedure introduces errors in calculated gait kinematics due to: (1) errors associated with palpation of anatomical landmarks, (2) inaccuracies in the definition of joint coordinate systems.(More)
This study looks at various parameters, derived from surface electromyography (sEMG) and Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) and their relationship in muscle fatigue during a static elbow flexion until exhaustion as well as during a semidynamic exercise.We found a linear increasing trend for a corrected amplitude parameter and a linear decreasing slope for(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the changes in heart rate variability (HRV) parameters due to a specific physical, mental or combined load. More specifically, the difference in effect between mental load and physical activity is studied. In addition, the effect of the combined physical and mental demand on the HRV parameters was examined and compared(More)