Arthur R. Euler

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Clinical features, radiographic and esophageal manometry findings, and treatment results in 16 patients less than 15 years old with achalasia are described. Esophageal manometry performed in 15 patients showed results similar to those found in adults: (1) increased resting lower esophageal sphincter pressure, (2) incomplete or failure of relaxation of the(More)
The time-activity curve of gastric emptying of milk was evaluated in 49 infants and children who were also being evaluated for gastrointestinal reflux. After oral ingestion of technetium-99m sulfur colloid in a milk formula, the normal 1 hr time-activity curve and normal values for percentage of gastric emptying in 1 hr were determined. Normal gastric(More)
BACKGROUND The immune consequences of adding 20:4n-6 and 22:6n-3 fatty acids to preterm infant formula are not known. METHODS The effect of feeding preterm infants (14-42 days of age) human milk (Human Milk group), infant formula (Formula group), or formula with added long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids 20:4n-6 and 22:6n-3 (Formula + LCP group) on(More)
BACKGROUND Human milk components, including oligosaccharides, affect the gastrointestinal flora of infants. Previous studies in adults have demonstrated that fructo-oligosaccharides increase potentially beneficial fecal bacteria, including bifidobacteria. The purpose of this study was to determine the prebiotic effect of infant formula supplemented with(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess growth, tolerance, and biochemical measures of protein status in term infants fed an experimental formula with reduced total protein concentration and enriched in bovine alpha-lactalbumin prepared from an alpha-lactalbumin dominant bovine whey. METHODS Healthy, term, exclusively formula-fed infants < or =14 days postnatal age, between(More)
Celiac sprue and Crohn's disease have very rarely been documented in the same patient. We report a case involving an adolescent male with known Crohn's disease who had extreme wasting, growth retardation, intractable diarrhea, and delay in development of secondary sexual characteristics. Peroral jejunal biopsy showed a nonspecific flat mucosal lesion(More)
Thirty-two infants and their mothers were studied to determine the source of elevated serum gastrin concentrations in umbilical blood and to learn whether neonates hypersecreted acid in response to hypergastrinemia. Gastrin concentrations in the umbilical artery and vein were similar. Both were significantly higher than maternal gastrin concentrations. No(More)
The esophageal intraluminal pH probe test (Tuttle test) was used in 24 pediatric-age patients who had symptoms of gastroesophageal (GE) reflux to determine its sensitivity in detecting gastric acid reflux and to document its usefulness as a prognostic indicator. Eight children had a positive Tuttle test. Six of these patients failed a trial of medical(More)