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Species of RNA that bind with high affinity and specificity to the bronchodilator theophylline were identified by selection from an oligonucleotide library. One RNA molecule binds to theophylline with a dissociation constant Kd of 0.1 microM. This binding affinity is 10,000-fold greater than the RNA molecule's affinity for caffeine, which differs from(More)
The most frequently occurring RNA hairpins in 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA contain a tetranucleotide loop that has a GNRA consensus sequence. The solution structures of the GCAA and GAAA hairpins have been determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Both loops contain an unusual G-A base pair between the first and last residue in the loop, a(More)
A procedure is presented for refinement of a homology model of E. coli tRNA(Val), originally based on the X-ray structure of yeast tRNA(Phe), using experimental residual dipolar coupling (RDC) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) data. A spherical sampling algorithm is described for refinement against SAXS data that does not require a globbic(More)
The iron responsive element (IRE) is a approximately 30 nucleotide RNA hairpin that is located in the 5' untranslated region of all ferritin mRNAs and in the 3' untranslated region of all transferrin receptor mRNAs. The IREs are bound by two related IRE-binding proteins (IRPs) which help control intracellular levels of iron by regulating the expression of(More)
The three-dimensional solution structure is reported for omega-conotoxin GVIA, which is a potent inhibitor of presynaptic calcium channels in vertebrate neuromuscular junctions. Structures were generated by a hybrid distance geometry and restrained molecular dynamics approach using interproton distance, torsion angle, and hydrogen-bonding constraints(More)
The structure of neutrophil peptide 5 in solution has recently been reported (Pardi et al., 1988). The structure determination was accomplished by using a distance geometry algorithm and 107 interproton distance constraints obtained from 2D NMR data. In each of the eight independent solutions to the distance geometry equations, the overall fold of the(More)
Multidimensional heteronuclear NMR has revolutionized solution structure determinations of proteins. But this technique has not been applied to nucleic acids because of difficulties in the synthesis of isotopically (13C and/or 15N) labelled molecules. Here we report the application of three-dimensional heteronuclear NMR to the study of a uniformly 13C/15N(More)
13C-(1)H residual dipolar couplings (RDC) have been measured for the bases and sugars in the theophylline-binding RNA aptamer, dissolved in filamentous phage medium, and used to investigate the long-range structural and dynamic behavior of the molecule in the solution state. The orientation dependent RDC provide additional restraints to further refine the(More)
The thermodynamics and kinetics for base-pair opening of the P1 duplex of the Tetrahymena group I ribozyme were studied by NMR hydrogen exchange experiments. The apparent equilibrium constants for base pair opening were measured for most of the imino protons in the P1 duplex using the base catalysts NH3, HPO4(2-) or TRIS. These equilibrium constants were(More)