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Free recall, use of organizational strategies, and interference effects were assessed in patients with frontal lobe lesions and control subjects. In three experiments, patients with frontal lobe lesions exhibited impaired free recall and reduced use of organizational strategies in tests of memory. Reduced use of strategies was observed on tests of recall of(More)
Whether frontal lobe pathology can account for some of the cognitive impairment observed in amnesic patients with Korsakoff's syndrome was investigated. Various cognitive and memory tests were given to patients with circumscribed frontal lobe lesions, patients with Korsakoff's syndrome, non-Korsakoff amnesic patients, and control Ss. Patients with frontal(More)
In two experiments, we investigated memory for recently learned facts and memory for the source of the facts (i.e. where and when the facts were learned) in patients with frontal lobe lesions, age-matched elderly control subjects, and younger subjects. In both experiments, patients with frontal lobe lesions recalled as many facts as their age-matched(More)
The authors analyzed source memory performance with an unequal-variance signal detection theory model and compared the findings with extant threshold (multinomial and dual-process) models. In 3 experiments, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of source discrimination revealed curvilinear functions, supporting the relative superiority of a(More)
During the past 100 years, neuropsychological testing of amnesic patients has provided a valuable method for learning about the structure and organization of normal memory. One complicating feature of this work is the fact that amnesic patients differ in terms of the pattern of their lesions and in terms of what damage is present in addition to the lesions(More)
Item memory and source memory were assessed in a task that simulated a social conversation. Participants generated answers to questions or read statements presented by one of three sources (faces on a computer screen). Positive generation effects were observed for item memory. That is, participants remembered topics of conversation better if they were asked(More)
Casual observations of patients with focal frontal lobe lesions often reveal little if any cognitive impairment (Fuster, 1989; Hebb, 1945). At the same time, such patients display an assortment of cognitive deficits upon neuropsychological assessment (Janowsky et al., 1989c; Luria, 1980; Stuss & Benson, 1984). With respect to memory, focal frontal injury(More)
The phenomenon of retrograde amnesia has important implications for understanding normal memory as well as its neural organization. Using 6 tests of remote memory, we evaluated the extent and severity of retrograde amnesia in 2 groups of amnesic patients--7 patients with alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome and 5 other patients with amnesia (anoxia or ischemia, N(More)