Arthur P. Shimamura

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Retrieval of episodic memories depends on the successful "re-collection" of event features, such as the time, place, people, thoughts, and feelings associated with a past experience.In neuroimaging studies, ventral regions of the posterior parietal cortex (vPPC) are particularly active when episodic memories are successfully retrieved. A review of the(More)
Event-related potentials (ER) were recorded in response to mildly aversive somatosensory and auditory stimuli. Patients with orbitofrontal lesions exhited enhanced ERPs (i.e., P3 amplitudes), as compared with control subjects. Moreover, these patients did not habituate to somatoensory stimuli across blocks of trials. The results were specific to(More)
Casual observations of patients with focal frontal lobe lesions often reveal little if any cognitive impairment (Fuster, 1989; Hebb, 1945). At the same time, such patients display an assortment of cognitive deficits upon neuropsychological assessment (Janowsky et al., 1989c; Luria, 1980; Stuss & Benson, 1984). With respect to memory, focal frontal injury(More)
Video game expertise has been shown to have beneficial effects for visual attention processes, but the effects of action video game playing on executive functions, such as task switching and filtering out distracting information, are less well understood. In the main experiment presented here, video game players (VGPs) and nonplayers (nVGPs) switched(More)
Numerous studies have suggested that frontal cortex plays a strategic, rather than an absolute, role in memory performance. Typically, frontal patients are reported to have impaired recall but normal recognition memory. A recent meta-analysis, however, has questioned this conclusion. To further investigate the role of frontal cortex in long-term memory,(More)
In neuroimaging studies, the left ventral posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is particularly active during memory retrieval. However, most studies have used verbal or verbalizable stimuli. We investigated neural activations associated with the retrieval of short, agrammatical music stimuli (Blackwood, 2004), which have been largely associated with right(More)
Faces with expressions (happy, surprise, anger, fear) were presented at study. Memory for facial expressions was tested by presenting the same faces with neutral expressions and asking participants to determine the expression that had been displayed at study. In three experiments, happy expressions were remembered better than other expressions. The(More)
Controversy exists over the functional role of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) in episodic memory. Some have suggested that the hippocampus plays a unique and qualitatively different role than other MTL regions, whereas others suggest that the entire MTL has one functional role, which is to support the consolidation of declarative memories. Hierarchical(More)
We investigated the influence of negative emotional pictures on associative memory. A visual object was embedded in the periphery of negative emotional or neutral pictures. Memory was assessed for central item (pictorial) information, peripheral (object) information, and the association between item and peripheral information. On tests of item information,(More)
Source memory depends on our ability to recollect contextual information--such as the time, place, feelings, and thoughts associated with a past event. It is acknowledged that the medial temporal lobe (MTL) plays a critical role in binding such episodic features. Yet, controversy exists over the nature of MTL binding--whether it contributes specifically to(More)