Arthur P. Hays

Learn More
Mutations in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (mSOD1) gene are associated with a familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and their expression in transgenic mice produces an ALS-like syndrome. Recent observations suggest a role for inflammatory-related events in the progression and propagation of the neurodegenerative process in ALS.(More)
Four patients with metastatic carcinoma to the pituitary gland are presented. Two of these patients had no previous history of malignancy and, based on clinical, laboratory, and radiological evaluation, a preoperative diagnosis of pituitary adenoma was made. In one patient, the histological diagnosis of two consecutive tumour specimens, obtained 1 year(More)
We show that Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) selectively affects a subset of skeletal muscle fibers specialized for fast contraction. Muscle fiber types were characterized immunohistochemically with monoclonal antibodies that distinguish isoforms of fetal and adult-fast or adult-slow myosin heavy chain present in the same fiber. Fetal myosin expression(More)
We studied the clinical, biochemical, and genetic features of eight patients with the autosomal recessive mitochondrial syndrome mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE). MNGIE is clinically characterized by ophthalmoparesis, peripheral neuropathy, leukoencephalopathy, gastrointestinal symptoms (recurrent nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea)(More)
We have compared the immunolocalization of neurofilament protein (NF) with two other neuronal-specific intermediate filament proteins in large spinal axonal swellings (spheroids) of motor neuron disease and controls. All spheroids labeled each of the three different subunits of NF, the low, middle, and high molecular weight polypeptides. In doublelabel(More)
A subset of human anti-GM1 ganglioside antibodies cross-reacts with Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc bearing glycoproteins in peripheral nerve and spinal cord. The same oligosaccharide determinant is recognized by the lectin peanut agglutinin (PNA) which binds at the nodes of Ranvier in intact peripheral nerve. The Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc bearing glycoproteins were isolated(More)
Dystrophin is the altered gene product in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We used polyclonal antibodies against dystrophin to immunohistochemically localize the protein in human muscle. In normal individuals and in patients with myopathies other than DMD, dystrophin was localized to the sarcolemma of the fibers. The protein was absent or markedly(More)
Peripherin is a neuronal intermediate filament protein that is expressed chiefly in motor neurons and other nerve cells that project into the peripheral nervous system. Transgenic mice that over-express peripherin develop motor neuron degeneration, suggesting that mutations in peripherin could contribute to the development of motor neuron disease. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Postmortem studies of the subiculum from subjects with schizophrenia have detected smaller pyramidal cell bodies and diminished immunoreactivity for the dendritic protein, microtubule-associated protein 2. While these findings suggest that subicular pyramidal cell dendrites may be structurally altered in subjects with schizophrenia, this(More)
Molecular mechanisms of apoptosis may participate in motor neuron degeneration produced by mutant superoxide dismutase-1 (mSOD1), the only proven cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Consistent with this, here we show that the proapoptotic protein Bax translocates from the cytosol to the mitochondria, whereas cytochrome c translocates from the(More)