Arthur M. Spanier

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Although changes in proteolysis in muscle tissue are now well documented for a variety of physiological and pathological conditions, the mechanism of degradation of cellular protein during normal protein turnover remains to be elucidated. Data from several laboratories have suggested the involvement of alkaline serine proteinases. Recent studies have(More)
Anti-group A streptococcal monoclonal antibodies were obtained from BALB c/BYJ mice immunized with purified membranes from M type 5 Streptococcus pyogenes. Two of the anti-streptococcal monoclonal antibodies were previously shown to cross-react with muscle myosin. In this study the monoclonal antibodies were reacted with tissue sections of normal human(More)
The objective of this research was to obtain physicochemical data that might prove useful in understanding the effect of hydrodynamic pressure (HDP), shock-wave treatment on the structural and functional properties of the HDP-treated beef strip loins. A homogenization protocol that was sufficiently harsh to break-up the tissue yet sufficiently gentle to(More)
Cyclic AMP accumulation in embryonic chick heart cells and binding of the beta-adrenergic antagonist 125I-pindolol to intact cells has been examined during the first 30 min of (-)-isoproterenol-induced desensitization. Myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors exist in two states which bind agonists with high (KD congruent to 10 nM) and low (KD congruent to 10(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to maintenance of cardiac lysosome latency. Highly latent lysosomes were isolated from adult canine ventricular myocytes or cardiocytes and exhibited latency values (based on % free N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, NAGA) of 29.3 +/- 4.7% (SE), minimal cross(More)
Despite extensive biochemical and morphological studied on the degenerative muscle diseases, the primary chemical lesions are still obscure, both in humans and animals. In this report we examine the activities of the lysosomal endoproteinase cathepsin B and its endogenous inhibitor(s) in the red and white skeletal muscles of guinea pigs with nutritional(More)
The fractional rates of protein synthesis (ks) and degradation (kp) were studied in the myeloma cell line SP2/0-AG14 grown at different rates (kg). Cells in spinner flask suspension cultures were maintained at constant cellular density for prolonged periods by replacement perfusion of labeling medium at a rate equivalent to the rate of growth. Total protein(More)
While the majority of meat flavor is lipid in origin, the contribution of peptides and amino acids to overall meat flavor should not be overlooked. Amino acids and peptide levels have been shown to change with postmortem aging in muscle and with dry-curing, a process similar to PMA. Variation in protein, peptide, and amino acid composition have also been(More)
Canine and rat cardiac myocytes, prepared by proteolytic disaggregation, retain morphological and topographical features of intact tissue. Cells are rod-shaped and are cleanly separated at their sarcolemmal and intercalated disc borders. Cells demonstrate glucose and fatty acid uptake and metabolic features comparable to intact organ, and are responsive to(More)
Cell-free extracts of canine myocardial tissue were found to contain two biochemically and electrophoretically distinct superoxide dismutases (SOD), an enzyme that provides defense against the deleterious effect of superoxide radicals (O2.-). Polyacrylamide gel (7.5%) electrophoresis revealed two distinct bands of SOD activity: a slower moving band(More)