Arthur M. Mandelin

Learn More
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that is mediated, in part, by proinflammatory factors produced by RA synovial tissue (ST) fibroblasts and macrophages, resulting in monocyte migration from the blood to the ST. To characterize the potential role of IL-17 in monocyte migration, RA synovial fibroblasts and macrophages were activated(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to quantify the number of T-helper (TH)-17 cells present in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fluid (SF) and to determine the level of interleukin (IL)-17 cytokine in RA, osteoarthritis (OA) and normal synovial tissue, as well as to examine SF macrophages for the presence of IL-23, IL-27 and interferon (IFN)-gamma. (More)
Macrophages are important mediators of chronic inflammation and are prominent in the synovial lining and sublining of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recently, we demonstrated increased TLR2 and TLR4 expression and increased response to microbial TLR2 and TLR4 ligands in macrophages from the joints of RA. The current study characterized the(More)
OBJECTIVES Electronic health records (EHR) can allow for the generation of large cohorts of individuals with given diseases for clinical and genomic research. A rate-limiting step is the development of electronic phenotype selection algorithms to find such cohorts. This study evaluated the portability of a published phenotype algorithm to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the expression of CCL19 and CCL21 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue (ST) and to examine their regulation and pathogenetic role in macrophages and RA ST fibroblasts. METHODS Expression of CCL19 and CCL21 in RA and normal ST was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry analysis. CCL19 and CCL21 levels in synovial fluid (SF)(More)
Angiogenesis is an early and a critical event in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Neovascularization is dependent on endothelial cell activation, migration and proliferation, and inhibition of angiogenesis may provide a novel therapeutic approach in RA. In this study, we document a novel role of IL-17 in mediating angiogenesis. Local(More)
IL-17-induced joint inflammation is associated with increased angiogenesis. However, the mechanism by which IL-17 mediates angiogenesis is undefined. Therefore, the pathologic role of CXCL1 and CXCL5 was investigated in arthritis mediated by local expression of IL-17, employing a neutralizing antibody to each chemokine. Next, endothelial chemotaxis was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the mechanism of action of interleukin-27 (IL-27) against rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Adenovirus containing IL-27 transcript was constructed and was locally delivered into the ankles of mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Progression of arthritis was determined in treated and untreated mice by measuring ankle(More)
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is essential for normal development and homeostasis. Insufficient apoptosis may contribute to the pathogenesis of malignancy and acute and chronic inflammation. Apoptosis may be induced by the death receptor or the mitochondrial pathways. Myeloid cell leukemia (Mcl)-1 is a member of the Bcl-2 family that contributes to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to characterise the expression, regulation and pathogenic role of toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) and TLR8 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Expression of TLR7 and TLR8 was demonstrated in RA, osteoarthritis (OA) and normal (NL) synovial tissues (STs) employing immunohistochemistry. The authors next examined the(More)