Arthur M . Dannenberg

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The virulence of the CDC1551 strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was compared to that of H37Rv in a rabbit inhalation model. While rabbits that inhaled the two strains produced equal numbers of grossly visible primary tubercles, CDC1551 tubercles were smaller and contained fewer bacilli than H37Rv tubercles. These findings suggest that a miniepidemic near(More)
It is widely believed that cell-mediated immunity and the associated ability of macrophages to destroy or inhibit the bacillus are all that is required to control pulmonary tuberculosis. However, although cell-mediated immunity is a major host defense against the tubercle bacillus, it is fully effective only in one of the four stages of the disease. Here,(More)
The cytochrome oxidase (CO), aminopeptidase (AMP), succinic dehydrogenase (SD), acid phosphatase, esterase, and alkaline phosphatase of rabbit mononuclear (MN) and polymorphonuclear (PMN) peritoneal exudate cells and pulmonary alveolar macrophages (AM) - air dried on Mylar strips - were characterized by histochemical techniques with respect to stability,(More)
The purpose of these studies was to identify some of the extracellular proteolytic enzymes associated with the development and healing of acute inflammatory lesions. Lesions were produced in the skin of rabbits by the topical application of the military vesicant, sulfur mustard (SM). Full-thickness, 1-cm2 central biopsies of the lesions were organ-cultured(More)
The rabbit model of tuberculosis (TB) is important because rabbits develop a disease that is similar to TB in humans, namely, granulomas with caseous necrosis, liquefaction, and cavities. We describe here a comparison of inbred and outbred New Zealand White rabbits infected by aerosol with either Mycobacterium tuberculosis Erdman or H37Rv strain. Five weeks(More)
Developing and healing dermal inflammatory lesions were produced in rabbits by the topical application of dilute sulfur mustard (SM),9 the military vesicant. In tissue sections of such lesions, cells containing the mRNA of important cytokines were identified with in situ hydridization techniques. These cytokines were neutrophil attractant/activation(More)
The rabbit model of tuberculosis has been used historically to differentiate between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis based on their relative virulence in this animal host. M. tuberculosis infection in market rabbits is cleared over time, whereas infection with M. bovis results in chronic, progressive, cavitary disease leading to death.(More)