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It is widely believed that cell-mediated immunity and the associated ability of macrophages to destroy or inhibit the bacillus are all that is required to control pulmonary tuberculosis. However, although cell-mediated immunity is a major host defense against the tubercle bacillus, it is fully effective only in one of the four stages of the disease. Here,(More)
The rabbit model of tuberculosis (TB) is important because rabbits develop a disease that is similar to TB in humans, namely, granulomas with caseous necrosis, liquefaction, and cavities. We describe here a comparison of inbred and outbred New Zealand White rabbits infected by aerosol with either Mycobacterium tuberculosis Erdman or H37Rv strain. Five weeks(More)
We sought to characterize the lung cellular immune responses to inhaled Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) of the susceptible inbred Thorbecke rabbit (the genomically sequenced strain, now unavailable) and compare it to outbred, Mtb-resistant, New Zealand White rabbits. Using Mtb CDC1551, we confirmed that the inbred rabbits allowed establishment of infection(More)
Antimicrobial therapy quickly eradicates susceptible bacilli, but the fight against drug-resistant disease must be waged entirely by host defenses. Knowledge of the two main types of immune response against tuberculosis and of how to manipulate those mechanisms--leading to precisely designed recombinant BCG vaccines--is essential to mounting an effective(More)
The large reservoir of human latent tuberculosis (TB) contributes to the global success of the pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). We sought to test whether aerosol infection of rabbits with Mtb H37Rv could model paucibacillary human latent TB. The lung burden of infection peaked at 5 weeks after aerosol infection followed by host containment of(More)
The rabbit model of tuberculosis has been used historically to differentiate between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis based on their relative virulence in this animal host. M. tuberculosis infection in market rabbits is cleared over time, whereas infection with M. bovis results in chronic, progressive, cavitary disease leading to death.(More)
This review is a synthesis and analysis of our nine experimental pathology papers on macrophage kinetics in dermal tuberculous lesions produced in rabbits by BCG. It is presented at this time to summarize the macrophage kinetics in both active and essentially healed tuberculous lesions and to suggest that the bacilli frequently multiply and are destroyed in(More)
Explanted hepatic granulomas, eosinophils obtained from the peritoneal cavity of schistosome-infected mice, schistosome egg granuloma macrophages, alveolar macrophages, and activated peritoneal macrophages obtained from Listeria-infected mice were miracidicidal when cultured at 21% oxygen. This activity was markedly attenuated at physiologic oxygen(More)