Arthur Lee Osterman

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Defining the gene products that play an essential role in an organism's functional repertoire is vital to understanding the system level organization of living cells. We used a genetic footprinting technique for a genome-wide assessment of genes required for robust aerobic growth of Escherichia coli in rich media. We identified 620 genes as essential and(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent homodimeric enzyme. It is a recognized drug target against African sleeping sickness, caused by Trypanosoma brucei. One of the currently used drugs, alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), is a suicide inhibitor of ODC. The structure of the T. brucei ODC (TbODC) mutant K69A bound to(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of polyamines, and it has been identified as a drug target for the treatment of African sleeping sickness, caused by Trypanosoma brucei. ODC is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme and an obligate homodimer. X-ray structural analysis of the complex of the T.(More)
BACKGROUND Homoserine kinase (HSK) catalyzes an important step in the threonine biosynthesis pathway. It belongs to a large yet unique class of small metabolite kinases, the GHMP kinase superfamily. Members in the GHMP superfamily participate in several essential metabolic pathways, such as amino acid biosynthesis, galactose metabolism, and the mevalonate(More)
The diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the evaluation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex and the intrinsic and extrinsic ligaments of the wrist was assessed in 43 patients with chronic wrist pain. Forty-one patients underwent correlative arthrography. Twenty-three patients underwent arthroscopy or arthrotomy or both. The(More)
Shikimate kinase (EC 2.7.1.71) is a committed enzyme in the seven-step biosynthesis of chorismate, a major precursor of aromatic amino acids and many other aromatic compounds. Genes for all enzymes of the chorismate pathway except shikimate kinase are found in archaeal genomes by sequence homology to their bacterial counterparts. In this study, a conserved(More)
OBJECTIVE The treatment of peripheral tears of the triangular fibrocartilage complex is radically different from the more typical central, degenerative tears. To our knowledge, no reports in the imaging literature specifically evaluate tears of the ulnar attachment of the triangular fibrocartilage complex. We evaluated the accuracy of MR imaging in these(More)
Homoserine kinase (HSK), the fourth enzyme in the aspartate pathway of amino acid biosynthesis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of L-homoserine (Hse) to L-homoserine phosphate, an intermediate in the production of L-threonine, L-isoleucine, and in higher plants, L-methionine. The high-resolution structures of Methanococcus jannaschii HSK ternary complexes(More)