Arthur Kaladjian

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BACKGROUND In bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about how deficits in neurocognitive functions such as decision-making are related to phase of illness. We predicted that manic, depressed, and euthymic bipolar patients (BPs) would display impaired decision-making, and we tested whether clinical characteristics could predict patients' decision-making(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have reported abnormal brain activation in individuals with schizophrenia during performance of motor inhibition tasks. We aimed to clarify brain functional abnormalities related to motor response inhibition in schizophrenia by using event-related fMRI in combination with a Go-NoGo(More)
OBJECTIVES The tendency to engage in risky behaviours is a core feature of the manic episodes of bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to establish whether this characteristic can be quantified with a laboratory measure of decision making [the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT)] and to determine clinical correlates of the IGT performance in mania. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical picture of schizophrenia is frequently worsened by manifestations of impulsivity. However, the neural correlates of impulsivity in this disorder are poorly known. Although impulsivity has been related to disturbances of the neural processes underlying response inhibition, no studies have yet examined the relationship between these(More)
OBJECTIVES Neuroimaging studies of bipolar disorder (BD) have provided evidence of brain functional abnormalities during both the states of mania and remission. However, the differences in brain function between these two states are still poorly known. In the current study, we aimed to use a longitudinal design to examine the functional changes associated(More)
It has been widely claimed that linear models of the neuromuscular apparatus give very inaccurate approximations of human arm reaching movements. The present paper examines this claim by quantifying the contributions of the various non-linear effects of muscle force generation on the accuracy of linear approximation. We performed computer simulations of a(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on mixed depression have been conducted so far on the basis of DSM-IV manic symptoms, i.e., a list of 7 symptoms which may provide limited information on the subsyndromal features associated with a full depressive episode. METHODS As part of the EPIDEP National Multisite French Study of 493 consecutive DSM-IV major depressive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on emotional biases towards threat-related stimuli in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have provided, so far, inconsistent results. The aim of the present study was to investigate emotional interference in acute schizophrenic and manic patients and its clinical correlates by using a card version of the Emotional Stroop Task designed(More)
Risk factors that may be associated with suicide attempts in bipolar disorder are still a matter of debate. We compared demographic, illness course, clinical, and temperamental features of suicide attempters vs those of nonattempters in a large sample of bipolar I patients admitted for an index manic episode. One thousand ninety patients (attempters = 382,(More)
Deficits in inhibitory control have been reported in euthymic bipolar disorder patients. To date, data on the neuroanatomical correlates of these deficits are exclusively related to cognitive inhibition. This study aimed to examine the neural substrates of motor inhibitory control in euthymic bipolar patients. Groups of 20 patients with euthymic bipolar(More)