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BACKGROUND In bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about how deficits in neurocognitive functions such as decision-making are related to phase of illness. We predicted that manic, depressed, and euthymic bipolar patients (BPs) would display impaired decision-making, and we tested whether clinical characteristics could predict patients' decision-making(More)
It has been widely claimed that linear models of the neuromuscular apparatus give very inaccurate approximations of human arm reaching movements. The present paper examines this claim by quantifying the contributions of the various non-linear effects of muscle force generation on the accuracy of linear approximation. We performed computer simulations of a(More)
OBJECTIVES Neuroimaging studies of bipolar disorder (BD) have provided evidence of brain functional abnormalities during both the states of mania and remission. However, the differences in brain function between these two states are still poorly known. In the current study, we aimed to use a longitudinal design to examine the functional changes associated(More)
BACKGROUND Despite numerous studies on the comorbidity of bipolar and anxiety disorders, there is no satisfactory psychopathological model for their overlap. METHOD 1,090 hospitalized patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for a manic episode of bipolar I disorder were subtyped according to the presence or not of lifetime anxiety comorbidity and assessed for(More)
Good news on chronobiological models of affective disorders are coming from a therapeutic innovation in the field of antidepressive action. Coming back to fundamentals by reconsidering the importance of the role of biological rhythms impairment in dysthymic pathology, a new interest bored on studies exploring short periodicities, so-called "ultradian" ones,(More)
OBJECTIVES The tendency to engage in risky behaviours is a core feature of the manic episodes of bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to establish whether this characteristic can be quantified with a laboratory measure of decision making [the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT)] and to determine clinical correlates of the IGT performance in mania. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical picture of schizophrenia is frequently worsened by manifestations of impulsivity. However, the neural correlates of impulsivity in this disorder are poorly known. Although impulsivity has been related to disturbances of the neural processes underlying response inhibition, no studies have yet examined the relationship between these(More)
Deficits in inhibitory control have been reported in euthymic bipolar disorder patients. To date, data on the neuroanatomical correlates of these deficits are exclusively related to cognitive inhibition. This study aimed to examine the neural substrates of motor inhibitory control in euthymic bipolar patients. Groups of 20 patients with euthymic bipolar(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have reported abnormal brain activation in individuals with schizophrenia during performance of motor inhibition tasks. We aimed to clarify brain functional abnormalities related to motor response inhibition in schizophrenia by using event-related fMRI in combination with a Go-NoGo(More)
Schizoaffective disorder is relatively common in clinical settings, with studies suggesting that the disorder accounts for 10-30% of admissions to inpatients mental health facilities for functional psychosis. Lifetime prevalence is estimated to be between 0.5 and 0.8%. Since its initial description by Kasanin in 1933, the concept has undergone many changes,(More)