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We present a theoretical model which is used to explain the intersegmental coordination of the neural networks responsible for generating locomotion in the isolated spinal cord of lamprey. A simplified mathematical model of a limit cycle oscillator is presented which consists of only a single dependent variable, the phase theta(t). By coupling N such(More)
Although pathologic classifications exist for several renal diseases, including IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and lupus nephritis, a uniform classification for diabetic nephropathy is lacking. Our aim, commissioned by the Research Committee of the Renal Pathology Society, was to develop a consensus classification combining type1 and(More)
Footfall patterns and time sequence of activity are described for white rats conditioned to run freely in an activity wheel (which they drive). Motion is described in terms of soft contact, hard contact, soft contact, and flip phases. Duration of stride decreases and length of stride increases from walk to trot to canter to gallop. Myographic analysis shows(More)
The Galloway-Mowat syndrome, a rare inherited disorder, is characterized by congenital microcephaly with hypotonia and developmental delay, often hiatus hernia, and nephrotic syndrome manifested in infancy or in early childhood. The glomerular lesion has been poorly characterized in the few previous reports of this syndrome. We studied three siblings with(More)
BACKGROUND Growth retardation persists in renal allograft recipients despite successful transplantation. The etiology is multi-factorial including the adverse effects of corticosteroids, suboptimal allograft function, and perturbations of the GH/GF axis. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) has been effective in improving growth velocity; however,(More)
Although a variety of renal lesions may occur in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), a rare but aggressive form of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with capillary collapse has been considered a possible component of this disorder. It is manifested by heavy proteinuria and progression to renal failure in a short time. We studied renal biopsies(More)
A group of renal pathologists, nephrologists, and transplant surgeons met in Banff, Canada on August 2-4, 1991 to develop a schema for international standardization of nomenclature and criteria for the histologic diagnosis of renal allograft rejection. Development continued after the meeting and the schema was validated by the circulation of sets of slides(More)
Patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FGS) who develop end-stage renal disease are at risk for recurrence of the disease following renal transplantation. Recurrence of the nephrotic syndrome in renal allografts of two children with primary FGS was successfully controlled by plasma exchange. This report(More)
Eighteen patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) were treated with cyclosporine A (CyA) (6 mg/kg/d) for 2 to 29 months. CyA levels were monitored monthly and plasma levels by Abbott TDX (Therapeutic Drug Analyzer System) fluorescence polarization immunoassay were maintained at 100 to 150(More)