Arthur H. Carrieri

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Artificial neural network systems were built for detecting amino acids, sugars, and other solid organic matter by pattern recognition of their polarized light scattering signatures in the form of a Mueller matrix. Backward-error propagation and adaptive gradient descent methods perform network training. The product of the training is a weight matrix that,(More)
An analog Mueller matrix acquisition and preprocessing system (AMMS) was developed for a photopolarimetric-based sensor with 9.1-12.0 microm optical bandwidth, which is the middle infrared wavelength-tunable region of sensor transmitter and "fingerprint" spectral band for chemical-biological (analyte) standoff detection. AMMS facilitates delivery of two(More)
We treat infrared patterns of absorption or emission by nerve and blister agent compounds (and simulants of this chemical group) as features for the training of neural networks to detect the compounds' liquid layers on the ground or their vapor plumes during evaporation by external heating. Training of a four-layer network architecture is composed of a(More)
A standoff method of detecting liquids on terrestrial and synthetic landscapes is presented. The interstitial liquid layers are identified through their unique molecular vibration modes in the 7.14-14.29-microm middle infrared (fingerprint) region of liberated thermal luminescence. Several seconds of 2.45-GHz beam exposure at 1.5 W cm(-1) is sufficient for(More)
The strong mid-infrared bands of contaminant liquids wetting sand and soil can be remotely detected by 0.103-eV laser irradiation with beam intensity well below that which chars the terrain. Emissions from heated nonvolatile interstitial liquid layers and extinction of thermoluminescence by beam-generated vapors of volatile contaminants are spectrally(More)
We introduce a new class of FTIR spectrometers capable of acquiring 6×10 – 1.4×10 interferograms (spectra) per second, over the spectral range of 1 μm – 12 μm, with a resolution of 10 cm or better. The new FTIR technology is based on the use of birefringence interferometers and employs photoelastic modulators (PEMs) as birefringent elements for ultra-high(More)
Design and functional aspects of PANSPEC, a panoramic-imaging chemical vapor sensor (PANSPEC is an abbreviation for infrared panoramic-viewing spectroradiometer), were advanced and its optical system reoptimized accordingly. The PANSPEC model unites camera and fused solid-state interferometer and photopolarimeter subsystems. The camera is an eye of the open(More)
The changes in the real and imaginary parts of the index of refraction of germanium have been measured at 6943 A as a function of incident power up to 5 MW/cm(2). The results indicate that for nanosecond pulses the primary cause of the change is heating with temperature changes of up to 350 degrees C. In addition, a diffraction grating formed on the surface(More)
A thermal luminescence (TL) spectroscopy method for detecting organic impurities in water solution is presented. Infrared emissions by the dissolved organic matter are measurable, once a thermal gradient between it and the water medium is established, at those TL frequencies that are absorbed by the contaminant, following irradiation by a pulsed microwave(More)
The optical design of a passive remote sensor, a panoramic spectroradiometer (PANSPEC), and its computer-simulated image performance are presented. PANSPEC monitors the surrounding infrared environment for chemical clouds, detecting a presence once absorption or emission spectra characteristic of the chemical species are resolved. PANSPEC broadcasts(More)