Arthur Giraldi-Guimarães

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The beneficial effect of treatment with bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) was evaluated in different therapeutic windows in a rat model of focal ischemia induced by thermocoagulation of the blood vessels in the left motor, somestesic, and sensorimotor cortices. We also compared the therapeutic benefits between BMMCs and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal(More)
We used the activity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) to detect the presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the developing rat superior colliculus. Our results showed that NOS is present in cells and neuropil in the developing and adult rat superior colliculus. The first NOS-positive cells were detected at postnatal day(More)
We have used diaphorase histochemistry to study the morphology of cells expressing nitric oxide synthase in the superficial layers of the superior colliculus of developing and adult rats. The nitric oxide synthase-positive cells showed a Golgi-like morphology and were classified according to the cell types identified by several authors using the Golgi(More)
We investigated the level of expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the retinorecipient layers of the rat superior colliculus during early postnatal development. Male and female Lister rats ranging in age between the day of birth (P0) and the fourth postnatal week were used in the present study. Two biochemical methods were used, i.e., in(More)
Repeated high dose injections of the direct acting D1/D2 agonist apomorphine (APO) induces context specific behavioral sensitization. We assessed the effects of 2.0 mg/kg APO on open-field locomotor responses of rats over a 30 min period following either single or five daily APO injections. Acute injections increased locomotor activity, which was markedly(More)
The use of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) has been shown as a putative efficient therapy for stroke. However, the mechanisms of therapeutic action are not yet completely known. Mannose receptor (MR) is a subgroup of the C-type lectin receptor superfamily involved in innate immune response in several tissues. Although known primarily for its immune(More)
The ongoing research on the roles of the gas nitric oxide (NO) in the nervous system has demonstrated its involvement in neurotransmission, synaptic plasticity, learning, excitotoxicity, neurodegenerative diseases and regulation of the cerebral blood flow. Thus, this molecule has been currently considered an important neuromodulator in CNS. Studies carried(More)
Flavonoids have known anti-inflammatory and antioxidative actions, and they have been described as neuroprotective and able to reduce damage in CNS diseases. We evaluated the action of the flavonoid rutin in an animal model of focal cortical ischemia induced by unilateral thermocoagulation of superficial blood vessels of motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1)(More)
Previous studies have shown sensorimotor recovery by treatment with bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) after focal brain ischemia. However, sensorimotor tests commonly used are designed to examine motor patterns that do not involve skill or training. We evaluated whether BMMCs treatment was able to recover forelimb skilled movements. Reaching(More)
In this work, we studied the visually driven expression of the plasticity-related transcription factor NFGI-A in the superficial layers of the rat superior colliculus (sSC) using immunohistochemistry. After dark adaptation, NGFI-A expression was completely down-regulated, indicating this protein is not constitutively expressed in the sSC. Light stimulation(More)